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Racial Disparities in Survival Outcomes of Prostate Cancer Patients after Surgery for Bone Metastases

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DOI: 10.4236/jct.2013.44A004    3,388 Downloads   5,236 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study reviewed patients’ demographic, clinical and treatment characteristics to identify prognostic factors associated with survival of prostate cancer after developing bone metastases. We explored the racial disparities in these factors and how they relate with survival. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study on 79 men diagnosed with bone metastasis secondary to prostate cancer who underwent surgery at a single institution from November 1977 to June 2011. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize patients’ characteristics. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate characteristics of the survival distribution using two origination points—diagnosis and surgery. Cox hazard regression explored the relationship between prognostic factors and overall survival. Results: The majority of men were White (n = 63; 80%) followed by Black (n = 7; 9%), Hispanic (n = 7; 9%), and Asian (n = 2; 2%). Multivariate factors associated with poorer survival after bone metastasis surgery included race (Black), Gleason score > 8, and radiation treatment. Patients not receiving radiation had a longer survival experience relative to patients who received radiation before or after surgery (10.3 vs 6.5 months; P = 0.030). There was an association of PSA level at the time of bone metastasis diagnosis with survival following diagnosis but prior to surgery. The median time interval (Tm in months) between prostate cancer diagnosis and bone metastasis diagnosis was 39.1 (White), 31.2 (Hispanic), 15 (Blacks) and 43 (Asians). Patients with Tm < 35 months had a hazard of death 3 times greater than patients with Tm > 35 months (HR = 3.22; P < 0.001). Conclusion: The median survival and time interval from prostate cancer diagnosis to bone metastasis diagnosis was shorter in Blacks with respect to other races. The more aggressive nature of the disease in Blacks is likely due to the biology of the disease rather than access to treatment.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

R. Satcher, O. Bamidele, P. Lin, S. Lin, B. Moon, M. Hernandez, V. Lewis and J. Chilton, "Racial Disparities in Survival Outcomes of Prostate Cancer Patients after Surgery for Bone Metastases," Journal of Cancer Therapy, Vol. 4 No. 4A, 2013, pp. 27-36. doi: 10.4236/jct.2013.44A004.

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