Effect of Silicon Additions on the Wear Properties of Grey Cast Iron


This paper investigates the wear characteristic of grey cast iron composition under dry lubrication conditions. The effects of sliding speed, applied load, time and percentage of ferrosilicon additions, on the wear rate of grey cast iron were studied. The set of experimental data were taken in a controlled and sequential manner. Scanning electron microscope was used to examine the morphology of the samples as well as the worn out surfaces. Linear regression equation and analysis of variances (ANOVA) showed that the main effect of silicon additions, load and speed variable are more pronounced on the wear behaviour of the grey cast iron. Also, the result showed that the additions of silicon improved the wear resistance of the grey cast iron as the wear parameters such as speed, load and time varied. The study showed that wear transition occurred at 3.2% silicon addition.

Share and Cite:

J. Agunsoye, T. Isaac, O. Awe and A. Onwuegbuzie, "Effect of Silicon Additions on the Wear Properties of Grey Cast Iron," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2013, pp. 61-67. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2013.12012.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] H. Mohamadzadeh, H. Saghafian and Sh. Kheirandish, “Sliding Wear Behavior of a Grey Cast Iron Surface Remelted by TIG,” Journal of Materials Science & Technology, Vol. 25 No. 5, 2009, pp. 622-628.
[2] M. A. Shaker, “Note on the Effect of Nodularization Characteristics on the Workability of Quench-Hardened and Tempered Cast Irons,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 32, No. 3, 1992, pp. 545-552. doi:10.1016/0924-0136(92)90252-N
[3] V. Singh, “Pysical Metallurgy,” Standard Publishers, 2005, pp. 459-462.
[4] C. Meric, S. Sahin, B. Backir and N. Koksal, “Investigation of the Boronizing Effect on the Abrasive Wear Behavior in Cast Irons,” Materials & Design, Vol. 26, No. 9, 2006, pp. 751-757.
[5] O. Aponbiede and N. M. Okelekwe “The Effect of Chloride Salts on the Mechanical Properties of Gray Cast Iron,” Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 2, 2011, pp. 256-259.
[6] K. Edalati, F. Akhlaghi and M. Nili-Ahmadabadi, “Influence of SiC and FeSi Addition on the Characteristics of Gray Cast Iron Melts Poured at Different Temperatures,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 160 No. 2, 2005, pp. 183-187. doi:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2004.06.007

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.