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A Rapid Bioassay for Classical and L-Type Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathies

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DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2013.31013    3,107 Downloads   5,281 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The rapid detection of infectivity of several agents that cause Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease has previously been achieved by assaying for deposits of abnormal prion protein (PrPSc) in follicular dendritic cells in the spleens of transgenic mice carrying the human prion protein gene. In this study, transgenic mice expressing the bovine prion protein were inoculated intraperitoneally with classical (C-type) or atypical L-type bovine spongiform encephalopathies (BSE). Proteinase-resistant PrPSc were detected in the spleens of all transgenic mice at 75 days after inoculation with both types of BSE. Infectivity in PrPSc-positive spleens of the transgenic mice revealed that prions of C- and L-type BSE replicated. These results suggest that bioassay system by the transgenic mice could be useful for the rapid detection of BSE infectivity with discriminating between C- and L-type BSEs.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Y. Matsuura, Y. Ishikawa, R. Somerville, T. Yokoyama, K. Hagiwara, Y. Yamakawa, T. Sata, T. Kitamoto and S. Mohri, "A Rapid Bioassay for Classical and L-Type Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathies," Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 79-85. doi: 10.4236/ojvm.2013.31013.

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