Health status of working children in Jordan: Comparison between working and nonworking children at schools and industrial sites

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:107KB) PP. 55-62
DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.31007    3,520 Downloads   5,537 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to explore the psychosocial and physical health impact of child labor and in Jordan and compare between working and nonworking children at schools and industrial sites. Methods: A sample of 4008 children at schools and industrial sites answered the self-report questionnaires that include physical and psychosocial health concerns, health screening survey, anger expression and child abuse survey. The results showed that both nonschool and school working children have various physical and psychosocial health problems. Physical complaints included common cold, flu, hearing and vision problems. Psychosocial ones included feeling lonely, feeling depressed, problems at home and work, and high level of anger expression, smoking cigarettes and using drugs. The study’s implications for health, education, counseling, and research interventions were discussed.

Cite this paper

Hamdan-Mansour, A. , Al-Gamal, E. , Sultan, M. , Matrouk, R. and Nawaiseh, M. (2013) Health status of working children in Jordan: Comparison between working and nonworking children at schools and industrial sites. Open Journal of Nursing, 3, 55-62. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2013.31007.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] International Labour Organization (2008) Child labour, education and health: A review of the literature. The International Program on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC), Geneva.
[2] Department of Statistics (2008) National survey for child labor in Jordan 2007/2008. Directorate of Family Surveys, Amman.
[3] Woodhead, M. (2004) Psychosocial impacts of child work: A framework for research, monitoring and intervention. International Journal of Children’s Right, 12, 321-377. doi:10.1163/1571818043603607
[4] Edmonds, E.V. (2007) Child labor: Discussion paper. Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn.
[5] Gharaibeh, M. and Hoeman, S. (2003) Health hazards and risks for abuse among child labor in Jordan. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 18, 140-147. doi:10.1053/jpdn.2003.31
[6] Saif, I. (2006) Rapid assessment of the worst form of child labor in Jordan: Survey analysis. The University of Jordan, Amman.
[7] Stegmann, K. (2003) Child health and the worst forms of child labor. Antislavery International Working Document, London.
[8] Dmour, H. (2006) Demographic, social, and economical characteristics of working children and their families and its relationship to reckless behaviors. The University of Jordan, Amman.
[9] Matalqa, H. (2004) Street children in the city of Irbid: Society study. The University of Jordan, Amman.
[10] Fekaday, D., Alem, A. and Hagglof, B.D. (2006) The prevalence of mental health problems in Ethiopian child laborers. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 47, 954-959. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2006.01617.x
[11] Brislin, R.W. (1970) Back translation for the cross-cultural research. Journal of Cross Cultural Research, 1, 185-216. doi:10.1177/135910457000100301
[12] Chapman, D.W. and Carter, J.F. (1979) Translation procedures for cross cultural use of measurement instrument. Education Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 1, 71-76.
[13] Constantino, R.E. and Bricker, P.L. (1997) Social support, stress, and depression among battered women in the judicial setting. Journal of the American Psychi?atric Nurses Association, 3, 81-88.
[14] Nelson, L.R., Barnard, M.U., King, C., Hassanain, R. and Repoff, M.A. (1991) Instrument development for the determination of adolescent health needs. Journal of Adolescent Health, 12, 164. doi:10.1016/0197-0070(91)90469-3
[15] Steele, R.G., Legerski, J.-P., Nelson, T.D. and Phipps, S. (2009) Anger expression scale for children: Initial validation among healthy children and children with cancer. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 34, 51-62. doi:10.1093/jpepsy/jsn054
[16] Department of Statistics (2007) National survey for child labor in Jordan. DOS, Amman.
[17] Al-Kayyali, G. (2006) The health effects on child laborers working in auto repair aged 10 16 years. Ein-Elbasha Region/Balqa Governorate, Jordan, unpublished thesis.
[18] Forastierie, V. (1997) Children at work: Health and safety risks. ILO, Geneva.
[19] Grant, B.F. and Dawson, D.A. (1997) Age at onset of alcohol use and its association with DSM-IV alcohol abuse and dependence: Results from the National Longitudinal Alcohol Epidemiologic Survey. Journal of Substance Abuse, 9, 103-110. doi:10.1016/S0899-3289(97)90009-2
[20] Tarouni, M. (2002) Poverty and child labor in Jordan: Anthropologist study. Center for strategic studies. University of Jordan, Amman.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.