Logarithmic Sine and Cosine Transforms and Their Applications to Boundary-Value Problems Connected with Sectionally-Harmonic Functions

Let stand for the polar coordinates in R2,  be a given constant while satisfies the Laplace equation in the wedge-shaped domain or . Here αj(j = 1,2,...,n + 1) denote certain angles such that αj < αj(j = 1,2,...,n + 1). It is known that if r = a satisfies homogeneous boundary conditions on all boundary lines  in addition to non-homogeneous ones on the circular boundary , then an explicit expression of in terms of eigen-functions can be found through the classical method of separation of variables. But when the boundary condition given on the circular boundary r = a is homogeneous, it is not possible to define a discrete set of eigen-functions. In this paper one shows that if the homogeneous condition in question is of the Dirichlet (or Neumann) type, then the logarithmic sine transform (or logarithmic cosine transform) defined by (or ) may be effective in solving the problem. The inverses of these transformations are expressed through the same kernels on or . Some properties of these transforms are also given in four theorems. An illustrative example, connected with the heat transfer in a two-part wedge domain, shows their effectiveness in getting exact solution. In the example in question the lateral boundaries are assumed to be non-conducting, which are expressed through Neumann type boundary conditions. The application of the method gives also the necessary condition for the solvability of the problem (the already known existence condition!). This kind of problems arise in various domain of applications such as electrostatics, magneto-statics, hydrostatics, heat transfer, mass transfer, acoustics, elasticity, etc.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Idemen, "Logarithmic Sine and Cosine Transforms and Their Applications to Boundary-Value Problems Connected with Sectionally-Harmonic Functions," Applied Mathematics, Vol. 4 No. 2, 2013, pp. 378-386. doi: 10.4236/am.2013.42058.

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