Gas Blowout Impacts on Ground Water Environs around the Tengratila Gas Field, Chattak, Bangladesh


Gas blowout is one of the major hazard in petroleum field which normally damages the gas bearing geologic formation, structure, local tectonic setting, environment and so on. In Bangladesh, there have been three well known gas blowouts. Among them, the most dangerous gas well blowout took place on 8 January 2005 in Sunamganj district when chattak-2 (also known as Tengratila) gas field was drilled. As a result, the surrounding area is facing various problems among them water is the top of the list. From this point of view, the present study has been considered to find the impact of blowout on water around the gas blowout area. In this regard, the water samples (some are very near and some are away from the well) are collected and analyzed in the laboratory following the standard method. Some physical and chemical parameters of water such as pH, turbidity, EC, total solids, dissolved solids, suspended solids, manganese ion, calcium ion, magnesium, iron, chloride and total hardness have measured where without turbidity, manganese and iron, all are still in tolerable state for all purposes and ranging within standard limit based on WHO, EU and EQS for Bangladesh. The quality of the near well tube wells water is much decreased than far away tube wells water which might be the direct or indirect influence of the blowout incident around the area.

Share and Cite:

M. Howladar, M. Hasan, S. Islam, F. Shine and C. Quamruzzaman, "Gas Blowout Impacts on Ground Water Environs around the Tengratila Gas Field, Chattak, Bangladesh," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 5 No. 2, 2013, pp. 164-170. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2013.52018.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] B. Imam, “Energy Resources of Bangladesh,” University Grants Commission of Bangladesh, Dhaka, 2005, pp. 25-33 & 142-146.
[2] K. Hiller and M. Elahi, “Structural Growth and Hydrocarbon Entrapment in the Surma Basin,”’ Cireum-Pacific Council for Energy and Mineral Resources Earth Science Series, Vol. 10, 1988, pp. 657-669.
[3] APHA, AWWA and WPCF, “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater,” 20th Edition, American Public Health Association, Washington DC, 1998.
[4] M. A. Aziz, “A Textbook of Water Supply Engineering,” Hafiz Book Centre, Dhaka.
[5] D. M. A. Islam and M. M. A. Islam, “Environmental Incident in a Developing Country and Corporate Environmental Disclosures: A Study of A Multinational Gas Company,” Deakin University, Burwood.
[6] The Daily Star, “Report on the Second Blowout Incident,” 2. June 2005
[7] Bangladesh Water Development Board, “Ground Water Qualities of Bangladesh,” 1978.
[8] EU, “Drinking Water Standards,” European Union, 2008.
[9] World Health Organization, “International Drinking Water Standards,” 3rd Edition, WHO, Geneva, 2007.
[10] M. U. Igboekwe, A. O. Akankpo and I. E. Udoinyang, “Hydrochemical Evaluation of Groundwater Quality in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike and Its Environs, Southeastern Nigeria,” Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 3, No. 12, 2011, pp. 925-929. doi:10.4236/jwarp.2011.312103
[11] H. S. Peavy, D .R. Rowe and G. Tchobanoglous, “Environmental Engineering,” McGraw Hill Inc., New York, 1985.
[12] A. Colter and R. L. Mahler, “Iron in Drinking Water,” PNW 589, University of Idaho Extension, the Oregon State University Extension Service and the US Department of Agriculture Cooperating, 1914.
[13] S. S. Dara, “A Textbook of Environmental Chemistry and Pollution,” S. Chand & Co. Ltd, New Delhi, 1995.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.