The Oleic Acid Composition Effect on the Carboxymethyl Cellulose Based Biopolymer Electrolyte


Biopolymer electrolyte based on carboxymethyl cellulose has been prepared by doping with different concentration of oleic acid via solution casting technique. Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy was used to study the complexation between the salt and polymer. New peak was observed at 1710, 2850, 2920 cm-1. X-ray diffraction study reveals the amorphous nature of the biopolymer electrolyte. Impedance study shows the highest ionic conductivity, σ, was found to be 2.11 × 10-5 S·cm-1 at room temperature (303 K) for sample containing 20 wt.% of oleic acid and the biopolymer electrolyte obeys Arrhenius behaviour.

Share and Cite:

M. Chai and M. Isa, "The Oleic Acid Composition Effect on the Carboxymethyl Cellulose Based Biopolymer Electrolyte," Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2013, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.4236/jcpt.2013.31001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] M. Stephan and K. S. Nahm, “Review on Composite Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Batteries,” Polymer, Vol. 47, No. 16, 2006, pp. 5952-5964. doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2006.05.069
[2] P. Fonseca, D. S. Rosa, F. Gaboardi and S. Neves, “Development of a Biodegradable Polymer Electrolyte for Rechargeable Batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 155, No. 2, 2006, pp. 381-384. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.05.004
[3] K. Siddhanta, K. Prasad, R. Meena, G. Prasad, G. K. Mehta, M. U. Chhatbar, et al., “Profiling of Cellulose Content in Indian Seaweed Species,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 100, No. 24, 2009, pp. 6669-6673. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2009.07.047
[4] S. A. Khiar, R. Puteh and A. K. Arof, “Conductivity Studies of a Chitosan-Based Polymer Electrolyte,” Physica B, Vol. 373, No. 1, 2006, pp. 23-27. doi:10.1016/j.physb.2005.10.104
[5] N. E. A. Shuhaimi, L. P. Teo, S. R. Majid and A. K. Arof, “Transport Studies of NH4NO3 Doped Methyl Cellulose Electrolyte,” Synthetic Metals, Vol. 160, No. 9-10, 2010, pp. 1040-1044. doi:10.1016/j.synthmet.2010.02.023
[6] W. Zaidi, Y. Oumellal, J. P. Bonnet, J. Zhang, F. Cuevas, M. Latroche, et al., “Carboxy Methylcellulose and Carboxy Methylcellulose-Formate as Binders in MgH2-Carbon Composites Negative Electrode for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, Vol. 196, No. 5, 2011, pp. 2854-2857. doi:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.11.048
[7] J. F. Su, Z. Huang, X. Y. Yuan, X. Y. Wanga and M. Li, “Structure and Properties of Carboxymethyl Cellulose/ Soy Protein Isolate Blend Edible Films Crosslinked by Maillard Reactions,” Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 79, No. 1, 2010, pp. 145-153. doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2009.07.035
[8] M. F. Abou Taleb, H. L. Abd El-Mohdy and H. A. Abd El-Rehim, “Radiation Preparation of PVA/CMC Copolymers and Their Application in Removal of Dyes,” Journal of Harzadous Materials, Vol. 168, No. 1, 2009, pp. 68-75.
[9] S. Kong, P. Zhang, X. Wen, P. Pi, J. Cheng, Z. Yang, et al., “Influence of Surface Modification of SrFe12O19 Particles with Oleic Acid on Magnetic Microsphere Preparation,” Particuology, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2008, pp. 185-190. doi:10.1016/j.partic.2008.03.004
[10] S. R. Majid and A. K. Arof, “Proton-Conducting Polymer Electrolyte Films Based on Chitosan Acetate Complexed with NH4NO3 Salt,” Physica B, Vol. 355, No. 1-4, 2005, pp. 78-82. doi:10.1016/j.physb.2004.10.025
[11] M. Z. A. Yahya and A. K. Arof, “Effect of Oleic Acid Plasticizer on Chitosan-Lithium Acetate Solid Polymer Electrolytes,” European Polymer Journal, Vol. 39, No. 5, 2003, pp. 897-902. doi:10.1016/S0014-3057(02)00355-5
[12] M. M. Ali, M. Z. A. Yahya, M. Mustaffa, A. H. Ahmad, R. H. Y. Subban, M. K. Harun, et al., “Electrical Properties of Plasticized Chitosan-Lithium Imide with Oleic Acid Based Polymer Electrolytes for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries,” Ionics, Vol. 11, No. 5-6, 2005, pp. 460-463. doi:10.1007/BF02430267
[13] S. Ramesh and K. C. Wong, “Conductivity, Dielectric Behaviour and Thermal Stability Studies of Lithium Ion Dissociation in Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)-Based Gel Polymer Electrolytes,” Ionics, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2009, pp. 249-254. doi:10.1007/s11581-008-0268-2
[14] M. N. Chai and M. I. N. Isa, “Carboxyl Methylcellulose Solid Polymer Electrolytes: Ionic Conductivity and Dielectric Study,” Journal of Current Engineering Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2011, pp. 23-27.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.