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Toxic Effects of Nano-CuO, Micro-CuO and Cu2+ on Chlorella sp.

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.41B016    3,378 Downloads   5,157 Views   Citations


The 96 h acute toxic effects of nano-CuO (N-CuO), micro-CuO (M-CuO) and 2+ on Chlorella sp. were investigated in this paper. The results showed that toxicities decreased in an order of Cu2+>N-CuO>M-CuO. The 96 h EC50 of Cu2+ on Chlorella sp. was 1.06 mg /L, and of N-CuO it was 74.61 mg /L, while no pronounced toxicity was observed when the concentration of M-CuO was lower than 160 mg/L. Further experiments were carried out in order to study the toxicity mechanism of nano-CuO on Chlorella sp.. The results of Cu2+ release from N-CuO showed less than 0.2 mg/L Cu2+ were released, so the release of Cu2+ was not responsible for the toxicity. Further experiments showed N-CuO inhibited formation of Chlorophyll A. Content of Chlorophyll A in the control group was 4.75 mg/108 cells, while it declined to 2.89 mg/108 cells for 160 mg/L N-CuO after 96 h, which indicated that N-CuO could inhibit photosynthesis of Chlorella sp.. Moreover, N-CuO condensed with algal cells. It affected the activity of SOD and POD, indicating that N-CuO could cause oxidant stress to Chlorella sp.. These may be the toxicity mechanism.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

L. Wang, M. Wang, C. Peng and J. Pan, "Toxic Effects of Nano-CuO, Micro-CuO and Cu2+ on Chlorella sp.," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 1B, 2013, pp. 86-91. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.41B016.


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