Physico-Chemical Characteristics of the Products Derived from the Thermolysis of Waste Abies alba Mill. Wood

DOI: 10.4236/jep.2013.41003   PDF   HTML   XML   3,689 Downloads   5,349 Views   Citations

Abstract

This paper reports the physico-chemical characteristics of the products derived from the thermolysis (thermolytic distillation) of waste silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) wood at different temperatures (400- 600) in a pilot scale plant. Depending on the thermolysis temperature, the procedure yielded 45 - 53 wt% pyroligneous acid with a high water content (80 - 86 wt%) and pH 3.6. The process also produced a carbonaceous solid or biochar (23 - 26 wt%), its properties strongly dependent on the thermolysis temperature. Gases (20 - 31 wt%) were also produced; these were transformed into electrical energy via a gas turbine. The pyroligneous acid was centrifuged to isolate a subfraction composed mostly of phenols (phenol, mequinol and furfural) with a total C content of 68 - 74 wt%. The remainder was subjected to fractionated distillation at laboratory scale, and the distillate subjected to liquid-liquid extraction using diethyl ether in two stages to obtain a bio-oil composed mainly of acetic acid (≈47%), aldehydes, ketones and alcohols (≈31%), phe- nols (≈18%) and aliphatic alcohols. The characteristics of the bio-oil depended on the thermolysis temperature.


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F. López, O. Rodríguez, A. Urien, B. Lobato, T. Centeno and F. Alguacil, "Physico-Chemical Characteristics of the Products Derived from the Thermolysis of Waste Abies alba Mill. Wood," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 4 No. 1, 2013, pp. 26-30. doi: 10.4236/jep.2013.41003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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