13C NMR and Raman Studies of Fullerene-Based Poly (Acrylamides)

DOI: 10.4236/ijoc.2012.24052   PDF   HTML     4,127 Downloads   6,120 Views   Citations


A new classification of the different types of fullerene-containing polymers is presented according to their different properties and applications they exhibit in a variety of fields. 13C NMR and Raman studies of a series of polymeric samples of fullerene-grafted poly (acrylamide), which were prepared by systematic variation of concentration of fullerene and acrylamide, are described. 13C NMR spectral analysis of the polymeric samples showed a peak for fullerene at 143 δppm and for poly (acrylamide) between 170 and 180 δppm and Raman spectral analysis of the poly-meric samples gave the Raman band for fullerene between 1470 cm-1 and poly (acrylamide) at 2800 cm-1. The Tg value, obtained from DSC results, showed a high glass transition temperature at 100.94°C revealing the presence of fullerene in the polymeric matrix. TGA analysis shows that polymer is thermally stable up to 340°C.

Share and Cite:

S. Porwal, A. Diwedi and M. Kamal, "13C NMR and Raman Studies of Fullerene-Based Poly (Acrylamides)," International Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 377-386. doi: 10.4236/ijoc.2012.24052.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] H. Kroto, “Introduction to Special Issue on Fullerenes,” Carbon, Vol. 30, No. 8, 1992, pp. 1139-1141. doi:10.1016/0008-6223(92)90056-3
[2] L. A. Zheng, E. V. Barrera and R. D. Shull, “Formation and Stabilization of Nanosize Grains in Ferromagnetic Thin Films by Dispersed C60,” Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 92, 2002, pp. 523. doi:10.1063/1.1481204
[3] M L. artin-Gomis, J. Ortiz, F. Fernández-Lazaro, A. SastreSantos, B. Elliot and L. Echegoyen, “Synthesis and Characterization of New Trinitroflourene-Fullerene Dyads as Photosensitizers in Photorefractive Polymer Materials. Redox Behavior and Charge Transfer Properties,” Tetrahedron, Vol. 62, No. 9, 2006, pp. 2102-2109.
[4] H. Alloul, K. Holczer, Y. Yoshinari and O. Klein, “39K NMR Study of Phase Transitions and Electronic Properties in K3C60,” Physica C, Vol. 235, 1994, pp. 2509-2510. doi:10.1016/0921-4534(94)92475-9
[5] H. Alloul, K. Halczer, Y. Yoshinari and L. Forro, “NMR Study of RbC60,” Physica C, Vol. 235, 1994, pp. 2479- 2480. doi:10.1016/0921-4534(94)92460-0
[6] S. Pekker, G. Oszlanyi and G. Faigel, “Structure and Stability of Covalently Bonded Polyfulleride Ions in AxC60 Salts,” Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 282, 1998, pp. 435-441. doi:10.1016/S0009-2614(97)01248-7
[7] R. Zuzok, P. Wzietek, M. Fourmigue, P. Batail, P. Auban-Senzier, S. Roth and D. Jerome, “C60 Doped with Organic Cations: Magnetic Resonance Measurements,” Synthetic Metals, Vol. 56, No. 2-3, 1993, pp. 3235-3239. doi:10.1016/0379-6779(93)90108-9
[8] M. Li and Q. Chen, “Interactions between Fullerene (C60) and Poly(Ethylene Oxide) in Their Complexes as Revealed by High-Resolution Solidstate 13C NMR Spectroscopy,” Polymer, Vol. 44, No. 9, 2003, pp. 2793-2798. doi:10.1016/S0032-3861(03)00180-0
[9] K. Mizoguchi “Magnetic Resonance of Fullerene Solids and Their Compounds,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 54, No. 12, 1993, pp. 1693-1698. doi:10.1016/0022-3697(93)90284-X
[10] M. Krous, J. Freyteg, S. Gartner, H. M. Vieth, W. Kratschmer and K. Luders, “Superconductivity and NMR Investigations of KTI1_5-Doped C60,” Zeitschrift fur Physik B: Condensed Matter, Vol. 85, 1991, p. 1. doi:10.1007/BF01387780
[11] K. Lintinen, A. Efimov, S. Hietala, S. Nagao, P. Jalkanen, N. Tkachenko and H. Lemmetyinen, “Cationic Photopolymerization of Liquid Fullerene Derivative under Visible Light,” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 46 No. 15, 2008, p. 5194.
[12] L. Cui, N. H. Tarte and S. I. Woo, “Synthesis and Properties of Poly(Methylmethacrylate)/Clay Nanocomposites Prepared via in Situ Polymerization with Ni(acac)2 Catalyst,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 110, No. 2, 2008, pp. 784-790. doi:10.1002/app.28492
[13] A. V. Talyzin, L. S. Dubrovinsky, T. Le Bihan and U. Jansson, “Pressure-Induced Polymerization of C60 at High Temperatures: An in Situ Raman Study,” Physical Review B, Vol. 65, 2002, Article ID: 245413. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.65.245413
[14] P. M. Rajailov, V. G. Hadjiev, A. R. Goni and C. Thomsen, “Rotation-Vibrational Dynamics of Solid C60: A Raman Study,” Physical Review B, Vol. 60, 1999, Article ID: 13351. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.60.13351
[15] T. J. Dennis, J. P. Hare, H. W. Kroto, R. Taylor, D. R. M. Walton and P. J. Hendra. “The Vibrational Raman Spectra of C60 and C70,” Spectrochimica Acta, Vol. 47, 1991, pp. 1289-1292. doi:10.1016/0584-8539(91)80217-7
[16] A. V. Talyzin, A. Dzwilewski and T. Wagberg, “Temperature Dependence of C60 Raman Spectra up to 840 K,” Solid State Communication, Vol. 140, 2006, pp. 178-181. doi:10.1016/j.ssc.2006.07.043
[17] Y. Matsuo and E. Nakamura, “Selective Multiaddition of Organocopper Reagents to Fullerenes,” Chemical Review, Vol. 108, No. 8, 2008, pp. 3016-3028. doi:10.1021/cr0684218
[18] Y.-L. Liu, M.-C. Tseng and M.-H. Fangchiang, “Polymerization and Nanocomposites Properties of Multifunctional Methylmethacrylate POSS,” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 15, 2008, pp. 5157-5166.
[19] B. P. Agarwal and A. K. Srivastava, “Radical Terpolymerization by Zinc Acrylate, Acrylonitrile and Styrene Initiated by Styrene Arsenic Sulfide Complex,” Polymer Engineering & Science, Vol. 34, No. 6, 1994, pp. 528-531.
[20] U. Bhatnagar and A. K. Srivastava, “Metalylide Complex Initiated Radical Copolymerization of Methylmethacrylate and Styrene,” Journal of Macromolecular Science: Pure and Applied Chemistry, Vol. A29, No. 4-5, 1992, pp. 357-370. doi:10.1080/10101329208052166
[21] R. Murugan, S. Mohan and A. Bigotto, “FTIR and Polarized Raman Spectra of Acrylamide and Polyacrylamide,” Journal of the Korean Physical Society, Vol. 32, No. 4, 1998, pp. 505-512.
[22] S. Porwal, A. Dwivedi and M. Kamal, “13C NMR and Raman Studies of Fullerene-Based Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Polymers,” International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization, Vol. 14, 2009, pp. 551-562. doi:10.1080/10236660903086185

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.