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IFN-γ-, IL-4-, IL-17-, PD-1-Expressing T Cells and B Cells in Peripheral Blood from Tuberculosis Patients

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DOI: 10.4236/aim.2012.24054    3,365 Downloads   6,462 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Although the efficacy of tuberculosis (TB) vaccines is tightly linked to cell-mediated immunity, some functions of T and B cells in TB patients remain unclear. To address how Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection inhibits T effector responses, we assessed the proportions of T cell subsets and B cells in peripheral blood from pulmonary TB (PTB) patients, pleural TB (PLTB) patients, and healthy subjects (HS, who showed purified protein derivative (PPD)-positive reactions) with flow cytometry. Compared to HS, PTB and PLTB patients exhibited higher proportions of B cells and Th17 cells, and lower proportions of Th2 cells and ratios of Th1 to Th17 cells and of Th2 to Th17 cells. PTB patients had higher CD4+ T cells and PD-1+ CD4+ T cells than HS. Newly diagnosed PTB patients (nPTB) had higher proportions of B cells than HS; in contrast, PTB patients subjected to effective treatments (oPTB) and HS shared similar proportions of B cells. oPTB patients had higher proportions of CD4+ T cells, Th17 cells, and PD-1+ CD4+ T cells than HS, but this difference did not occur in nPTB patients. These findings suggest that shifting ratios of Th1 to Th17 cells may be beneficial for M. tuberculosis to amplify.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

X. He, X. Huang, L. Xiao, J. Hao, J. Li, H. Chen, Y. Gao, Y. Zhao, C. Zhu and L. Jiang, "IFN-γ-, IL-4-, IL-17-, PD-1-Expressing T Cells and B Cells in Peripheral Blood from Tuberculosis Patients," Advances in Microbiology, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 426-435. doi: 10.4236/aim.2012.24054.

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