tem) { // alert("jinlia"); // var url = "../userInformation/PDFLogin.aspx"; // var refererrurl = document.referrer; // var downloadurl = window.location.href; // var args = "PaperID=" + item + "&RefererUrl=" + refererrurl + "&DownloadUrl="+downloadurl; // url = url + "?" + args + "&rand=" + RndNum(4); // //// window.setTimeout("show('" + url + "')", 500); // } // function pdfdownloadjudge() { // $("a").each(function(index) { // var rel = $(this).attr("rel"); // if (rel == "true") { // $(this).removeAttr("onclick"); // $(this).attr("href","#"); // //$(this).bind('click', function() { SetNumTwo(2562)}); // var url = "../userInformation/PDFLogin.aspx"; // var refererrurl = document.referrer; // var downloadurl = window.location.href; // var args = "PaperID=" + 2562 + "&RefererUrl=" + refererrurl + "&DownloadUrl=" + downloadurl; // url = url + "?" + args + "&rand=" + RndNum(4); // // $(this).bind('click', function() { ShowTwo(url)}); // } // }); // } // //获取下载pdf注册的cookie // function getcookie() { // var cookieName = "pdfddcookie"; // var cookieValue = null; //返回cookie的value值 // if (document.cookie != null && document.cookie != '') { // var cookies = document.cookie.split(';'); //将获得的所有cookie切割成数组 // for (var i = 0; i < cookies.length; i++) { // var cookie = cookies[i]; //得到某下标的cookies数组 // if (cookie.substring(0, cookieName.length + 2).trim() == cookieName.trim() + "=") {//如果存在该cookie的话就将cookie的值拿出来 // cookieValue = cookie.substring(cookieName.length + 2, cookie.length); // break // } // } // } // if (cookieValue != "" && cookieValue != null) {//如果存在指定的cookie值 // return false; // } // else { // // return true; // } // } // function ShowTwo(webUrl){ // alert("22"); // $.funkyUI({url:webUrl,css:{width:"600",height:"500"}}); // } //window.onload = pdfdownloadjudge;
ENG> Vol.2 No.8, August 2010
Share This Article:
Cite This Paper >>

Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers Using Various Inline Fiber Filters

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1115KB) PP. 585-593
DOI: 10.4236/eng.2010.28075    6,001 Downloads   11,149 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment
Shien-Kuei Liaw1,4, Kuei-Chu Hsu2, Nan-Kuang Chen3

Affiliation(s)

1Department of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan.
2Department of Optics and Photonics, National Central University, Taiwan.
3Department of Electro-Optical Engineering, National United University, Taiwan.
4Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan.

ABSTRACT

Several high-performance and tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers are reviewed. They are constructed by using fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) or short-wavelength-pass filters (SWPFs) as wavelength tunable components inside the laser cavity. Broadband wavelength tuning range including C- and/or S-band was achieved, and tunable laser output with high slope efficiency, high side-mode suppression ratio was obtained. These fiber lasers can find vast applications in lightwave transmission, optical test instrument, fiber-optic gyros, spectroscopy, material processing, biophotonic imaging, and fiber sensor technologies.

KEYWORDS

Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG), Short-Wavelength-Pass Filter (SWPF), Tunable Fiber Laser, Optical

Cite this paper

S. Liaw, K. Hsu and N. Chen, "Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers Using Various Inline Fiber Filters," Engineering, Vol. 2 No. 8, 2010, pp. 585-593. doi: 10.4236/eng.2010.28075.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] A. Bellemare, J. F. Lemieux, M. Tetu and S. LaRochelle, “Erbium-Doped Ring Lasers Step-Tunable to Exact Multiples of 100 Ghz (ITU-GRID) Using Periodic ?lter,” Proceedings of ECOC’98, Madrid, September 1998, pp. 153-154.
[2] C. S. Kim and J. U. Kang, “Multiwavelength Switching of Raman Fiber Ring Laser Incorporating Composite Polarization-Main Maintaining Fiber Lyot-Sagnac Filter,” Applied Optics, Vol. 43, No. 15, 2004, pp. 3151-3157.
[3] C. C. Lee, Y. K. Chen and S. K. Liaw, “Single-Longitu- dinal-Mode Fiber Laser with Passive Multiple-Ring Cavity and its Application for Video Transmission,” Optics Letters, Vol. 23, No. 5, 1998, pp. 358-360.
[4] S. Kim, B. Lee and D. H. Kim, “Experiments on Chaos Synchronization in Two Separate Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2001, pp. 290-292.
[5] Scott Foster, “Spatial Mode Structure of the Distributed Feedback Fiber Laser,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 40, No. 7, 2004, pp. 884-892.
[6] M. Kamil Abd-Rahman and H. Ahmad, “Multiwave- length Brillouin Erbium Fiber Laser Pumped from FBG Fiber Laser Sharing the Same EDF,” Proceedings of the 4th Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Chiba, July 2001, supplement, pp. 40-41.
[7] H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc and G. W. Schinn, “Widely Tunable Single-Frequency Erbium-Doped Fiber Lasers,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2003, pp. 185-187.
[8] D. Sabourdy, V. Kermene, A. Desfarges-Berthelemot, L. Lefort, A.Barthelemy, P. Even and D. Pureur, “Efficient Coherent Combining of Widely Tunable Fiber Lasers,” Optics Express, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2003, pp. 87-97.
[9] Y. C. Zhao, S. Winnall and S. Fleming, “Tunable Fiber-Ring Laser Based on Broad-Band Fiber Bragg Grating and Bending Effects,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, Vol. 46, No. 6, 2005, pp. 562-563.
[10] S. K. Liaw, W. Y. Jang, C. J. Wang and K. L. Hung, “Pump Efficiency Improvement of a C-Band Tunable Fiber Laser Using Optical Circulator and Tunable Fiber Gratings,” Applied Optics, Vol. 46, No. 12, 2007, pp. 2280-2285.
[11] S. K. Liaw and G. S. Jhong, “Tunable Fiber Laser Using a Broad-Band Fiber Mirror and a Tunable FBG As Laser-Cavity Ends,” IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, Vol. 44, No. 6, 2008, pp. 520-527.
[12] N. K. Chen, S. Chi and S. M. Tseng, “An Efficient Local Fundamental-Mode Cutoff for Thermo-Optic Tunable Er3+-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” Optics Express, Vol. 13, No.18, 2005, pp. 7250-7255.
[13] N. K. Chen, C. M. Huang, S. Chi and Y. Lai, “Towards The Short-Wavelength Limit Lasing at 1450 Nm over I-4(13/2)-> I-4(15/2) Transition in Silica-Based Erbium- Doped Fiber,” Optics Express, Vol. 15, No. 25, 2007, pp. 16448-16456.
[14] A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A .Putnam and E. J. Friebele, “Fiber Grating Sensors,” Journal of Lightwave Techno- logy, Vol. 15, No. 8, 1997, pp. 1442-1463.
[15] M. Arbore, Y. Zhou, H. Thiele, J. Bromage and L. Nelson, “S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers for WDM Transmission between 1488 and 1508 Nm,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Georgia, 23-28 March 2003, pp. 374-376.
[16] M. A. Arbore, “Application of Fundamental-Mode Cutoff for Novel Amplifiers and Lasers,” Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference, (OFC 2005), Anaheim, Vol. 5, 6-11 March 2005.
[17] N. K. Chen, K. C. Hsu, S. Chi and Y. Lai, “Tunable Er3+-Doped Fiber Amplifiers Covering S and C+L Bands over 1490?1610 Nm Based on Discrete Fundamental-Mode Cutoff Filters,” Optics Letters, Vol. 31, No. 19, 2006, pp. 2842-2844.
[18] S. Y. Chou, K. C. Hsu, N. K. Chen, S. K. Liaw, Y. S. Chih, Y. Lai and S. Chi, “Analysis of Thermo-Optic Tunable Dispersion-Engineered Short-Wavelength-Pass Tapered-Fiber Filters,” Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 27, No. 13, 2009, pp. 2208-2215.

  
comments powered by Disqus
ENG Subscription
E-Mail Alert
ENG Most popular papers
Publication Ethics & OA Statement
ENG News
Frequently Asked Questions
Recommend to Peers
Recommend to Library
Contact Us

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.