New Relationship in Carbon Cycle


The problem of carbon dioxide accumulation in the atmosphere is closely related to the biological carbon cycle processes insufficiently studied from the global viewpoint. Based on data obtained from the literature on net primary production (NPP) and soil respiration (SR) of world ecosystems, a quantitative analysis of the relationship between these basic parameters of the production/destruction phase of the carbon cycle is offered in this paper. A direct correspondence (equality in carbon equivalent) is shown between the organic matter being generated (NPP) and the carbon dioxide release from soil into the air (SR). The established relationship is of fundamental nature because it shows a new aspect of the planet-scale mechanism.

Share and Cite:

A. Naumov, "New Relationship in Carbon Cycle," Low Carbon Economy, Vol. 3 No. 3A, 2012, pp. 111-114. doi: 10.4236/lce.2012.323015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] J. T. Houghton, L. G. Meira Filho, B. A. Callander, N. Harris, A. Kattenberg and K. Maskell, “Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change,” Weather, Vol. 51, No. 11, 1996, p. 393. doi:10.1002/j.1477-8696.1996.tb06169.x
[2] M. Heimann and M. Reichstein, “Terrestrial Ecosystem Carbon Dynamics and Climate Feedbacks,” Nature, Vol. 451, No. 7176, 2008, pp. 289-292. doi:10.1038/nature06591
[3] X. Xiao, J. M. Melillo, D. W. Kicklighter, A. D. McGuire, R. G. Prinn, C. Wang, P. H. Stone and A. Sokolov, “Transient Climate Change and Net Ecosystem Production of the Terrestrial Biosphere,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1998, pp. 345-360. doi:10.1029/98GB01035
[4] Y. P. Li and J. J. Ji, “Model Estimates of Global Carbon Flux between Vegetation and the Atmosphere,” Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 18, No. 5, 2001, pp. 807-818.
[5] B. Wang, S. Yang and Y. Chen, “Effect of Climate Variables on the Modeling of Vegetation Net Primary Productivity in Karst Areas,” Proceedings 19th International Congress on Modeling and Simulation, Perth, 12-16 December 2011, pp. 2634-2640.
[6] J. M. O. Scurlock, W. Cramer, R. J. Olsson, W. J. Parton and S. D. Prince, “Terrestrial NPP: Towards a Consistent Data Set for Global Model Evaluation,” Ecological Application, Vol. 9, No. 3, 1999, pp. 913-919. doi:10.1890/1051-0761(1999)009[0913:TNTACD]2.0.CO;2
[7] G. L. Ajtay, P. Ketner and P. Duvigneaud, “Terrestrial Primary Production and Phytomass,” In: B. Bolin, E. T. Degens, S. Kempe and P. Ketner, Eds., The Global Carbon Cycle, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester, 1979, pp. 129-181.
[8] E. Box, “Geographical Dimensions of Terrestrial Net and Gross Primary Productivity,” Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, Vol. 15, No. 4, 1978, pp. 305-322. doi:10.1007/BF01323458
[9] C. B. Field, M. J. Berenfeld, J. T. Randerson and P. Falkowski, “Primary Production of the Biosphere: Integrating Terrestrial and Oceanic Components,” Science, Vol. 281, No. 5374, 1998, pp. 237-240. doi:10.1126/science.281.5374.237
[10] J. S. Olson, J. A. Watts and L. J. Allison, “Carbon in Live Vegetation of Major World Ecosystems,” U.S. Department of Energy, Carbon Dioxide Research Division, Washington, 1983.
[11] R. A. Houghton and G. M. Woodwell, “Global Climate Change,” Scientific American, Vol. 260, No. 4, 1989, pp. 36-44. doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0489-36
[12] J. W. Raich and W. H. Schlesinger, “The Global Carbon Dioxide Flux in Soil Respiration and Its Relation to Vegetation and Climate,” Tellus B, Vol. 44, No. 2, 1992, pp. 81-99. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0889.1992.t01-1-00001.x
[13] L. E. Rodin and N. I. Bazilevich, “Production and Mineral Cycling in Terrestrial Vegetation,” Oliver and Boyd, Edinburg, 1967.
[14] W. H. Schlesinger, “Carbon Balance in Terrestrial Detritus,” Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1977, pp. 51-81. doi:10.1146/
[15] E. Matthews, “Global Vegetation and Land Use,” Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1983, pp. 474-487. doi:10.1175/1520-0450(1983)022<0474:GVALUN>2.0.CO;2
[16] V. V. Dobrovolski, “Fundamentals of Biogeochemistry,” High School, Moscow, 1998.
[17] H. F. H. Lieth and R. H. Whitteker, “Primary Productivity of the Biosphere,” Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1975. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-80913-2
[18] J. W. Raich and C. S. Potter, “Global Patterns of Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Soils,” Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1995, pp. 23-36. doi:10.1029/94GB02723
[19] J. W. Raich, C. S. Potter and D. Bhagawati, “Interannual Variability in Global Soil Respiration, 1980-1994,” Global Change Biology, Vol. 8, No. 8, 2002, pp. 800-812. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2486.2002.00511.x
[20] N. I. Bazilevich and A. A. Titlyanova, “Biotic Turnover on Five Continents: Element Exchange Processes in Terrestrial Natural Ecosystems,” Publishing House SB RAS, Novosibirsk, 2008.
[21] A. V. Naumov, “Soil Respiration: Constituents, Ecological Functions, Geographic Patterns,” Publishing House SB RAS, Novosibirsk, 2009.
[22] H. T. Odum, “Primary Production in Flowing Waters,” Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1956, pp. 102-117. doi:10.4319/lo.1956.1.2.0102
[23] E. P. Odum, “Fundamentals of Ecology,” 3rd Edition, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia-London-Toronto, 1971.
[24] W. Larcher, “?kologie der Pflanzen,” 2. Auflage, Verlag, Eugen Ulmer, Stuttgart, 1976.
[25] R. A. Houghton, “Balancing the Global Carbon Budget,” Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Vol. 35, No. 1, 2007, pp. 313-347. doi:10.1146/
[26] G. M. Woodwell and R. H.Whitteker, “Primary Production in Terrestrial Communities,” Integrative and Com- parative Biology, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1968, pp. 19-30. doi:10.1093/icb/8.1.19
[27] F. S. Chapin III, G. M. Woodwell, J. T. Randerson, E. B. Rastetter, G. M. Lovett, D. D. Baldocchi, D. A. Clark, M. E. Harmon, D. S. Schimel, R. Valentini, C. Wirth, J. D. Aber, J. J. Cole, M. L. Goulden, J. W. Harden, M. Heimann, R. W. Howarth, P. A. Matson, A. D. McGuire, J. M. Melillo, H. A. Mooney, J. C. Neff, R. A. Houghton, M. L. Pace, M. G. Ryan, S. W. Running, O. E. Sala, W. H. Schlesinger and E.-D. Schulze, 2006. “Reconciling Carbon-Cycle Concepts, Terminology, and Methods,” Ecosystems, Vol. 9, No.
[28] J. E. Lovelock, “Geophysiology: A New Look at Earth Science,” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 67, No. 4, 1986, pp. 392-397.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.