Aflatoxin B1 contamination in sunflower oil collected from sunflower oil refinery situated in Karnataka
Narasimhan Banu, JohnPaul Muthumary
DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.28145   PDF    HTML     8,510 Downloads   17,797 Views   Citations


In the present study, the aflatoxin B1 contamination at various stages of oil refining and in refined oil were carried out. This was subsequently compared with commercial vegetable oil samples. Among the 23 different sunflower oil samples were tested, 10 of them showed posi-tive results to AFB1 and the remaining 13 showed negative results to AFB1. All the refined oil samples were free from AFB1 contamination.

Share and Cite:

Banu, N. and Muthumary, J. (2010) Aflatoxin B1 contamination in sunflower oil collected from sunflower oil refinery situated in Karnataka. Health, 2, 973-987. doi: 10.4236/health.2010.28145.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Davie, J. and Vincent, L. (1980) Extraction of vegetable oil and fats. In: Hamilton, R.J. and Bhati, A., Eds., Fats and oils: Chemistry and technology, Applied Science Publishers, London, 123-164.
[2] Chong, Y.H. and Beng, C.G. (1965) Aflatoxins in unre-fined groundnut oils. Medical Journal of Malaya, 20(1), 49-50.
[3] Chong, Y.H. (1966) Aflatoxins in groundnuts and groundnut products. Far East Medical Journal, 2, 228- 230.
[4] Dwaraknath, C.T., Sreenivasamurthy, V., and Parpia, H.A.B. (1969) Aflatoxins in Indian peanut oil. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 6, 1.
[5] Basappa, S.C. and Sreenivasamurthy, V. (1977) State of aflatoxin in groundnut oil. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 14, 57-60.
[6] Basappa, S.C. and Sreenivasamurthy, V. (1979) Decon-tamination of groundnut oil from aflatoxin. Indian Jour-nal of Technology, 17, 440.
[7] Bassappa, S.C. (1983) In: Bilgrami, K.S., Prasad, T. and Sinha, K.K., Eds., Mycotoxins in food and feeds. The Al-lied Press, Bhagalpur, 251-275.
[8] Tulpule, P.G., Nagarajan, V. and Bhat, R.V. (1982) Envi-ronmental India Review-Series 1, Department of Envi-ronment, Government of India, New Delhi.
[9] Miller, N., Pretorius, H.E. and Trinder, D.W. (1985) De-termination of aflatoxins in vegetable oils. Journal of Association of Analytical Chemistry, 68(1), 136-137.
[10] Kamimura, H, Nishijima, M, Tabata, S, Yasuda, K, Ushiyama, H. and Nishima, J. (1986) Survey of my-cotoxin contamination in edible oil and fate of mycotox-ins during oil refining processes. Journal of Food Hygi-enic Society of Japan, 27(1), 59-63.
[11] Vijayalakshmi, M. and Rao, A.S. (1993) Effect of seed-borne fungi and quality of sunflower (Helianthus annuns) oil. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 63, 529-531.
[12] Raghav, P.K, Grover, P.C. and Thapar, V.K. (1999) Stor-age stability of Sunflower (Helianthus annus) oil in dif-ferent packaging materials. Journal of Food Science and Technology, 36, 253-255.
[13] Banu, N. (2004) Studies on mycobiota from sunflower oil refineries with reference to mycotoxins from the fungi and the feed and oil samples. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Madras, Chennai.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.