Seawater Intrusion and Salinization Processes Assessment in a Multistrata Coastal Aquifer in Italy


This paper presents the results of the investigations, driven by different techniques, including environmental tracers and geophysical methods, in the aim of better understand the causes of the current salt-water intrusion in the Pontina Plain, in the south of the Lazio Region (Italy). In the last 50 years many investigation campaigns have been carried out to evaluate the evolution of salt-water intrusion. This is an area with a strong man-made residential and tourist impact and, in the some cases, it is characterized by intensive agricultural practices. Therefore, it can be affected not only by salt-water intrusion, but by the salinization of its groundwater also due to other factors. All these factors have led the Pontina Plain to a groundwater situation which makes the groundwater resource management and the planning of their future exploitation very difficult.

Share and Cite:

G. Sappa and M. Coviello, "Seawater Intrusion and Salinization Processes Assessment in a Multistrata Coastal Aquifer in Italy," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 4 No. 11, 2012, pp. 954-967. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.411111.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] P. Tuccimei, R. Salvati, G. Capelli, M. C. Delitala and P. Primavera, “Groundwater Fluxes into a Submerged Sinkhole Area, Central Italy, Using Radon and Water Chemistry,” Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 20, No. 10, 2005, pp. 1831-1847. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2005.04.006
[2] M. D. Fidelibus and L. Tulipano, “Mixing Phenomena Owing to Sea Water Intrusion for the Interpretation of Chemical and Isotopic Data of Discharge Waters in the Apulian Coastal Carbonate Aquifer (Southern Italy),” Proceedings of the 9th Salt Water Intrusion Meeting, Delft, 1986, pp. 591-600.
[3] C. A. J. Appelo and D. Postma, “Geochemistry, Ground- water and Pollution, xvi + 536 p,” A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Brookfield, 1993.
[4] A. Longinelli and E. Selmo, “Isotopic Composition of Precipitation in Italy: A First Overall Map,” Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 270, No. 1-2, 2003, pp. 75-88. doi:10.1016/S0022-1694(02)00281-0
[5] R. Casa, M. Rossi, G. Sappa and A. Trotta, “Assessing Crop Water Demand by Remote Sensing and GIS for the Pontina Plain, Central Italy,” Journal Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No. 9, 2009, pp. 1685-1712. doi:10.1007/s11269-008-9347-4
[6] L. Piemontese and C. Perotto, “Carta Dell’uso del Suolo Della Provincia di Latina,” Gangemi Editore, Roma, 2004.
[7] L. Padovani, M. Trevisan and E. Capri, “Pericolo Potenziale di Contaminazione Delle Acque Sotterranee da Nitrati di Origine Agricola,” Cnrgndci, Regione Liguria, 2000, 55 p.
[8] B. W. Silverman, “Density Estimation for Statistics and Data Analysis,” CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1986.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.