Aminododecyldiphosphonic Acid for Solvent Extraction of Bismuth Ions


The extraction of Bi(III) in nitrate media has been investigated using aminododecyldimethylenediphosphonic acid, ADDMDPA, which was previously synthesized and characterized. The extraction of the cation was carried out in different media with the addition of CH3COONa, KNO3 and HNO3. The maximum extraction yield for Bismuth is 70% after addition of 0.01 M of potassium nitrate at pHi = 2.9, in one step.

Share and Cite:

Medjahed, B. , Kaid, M. , Didi, M. and Villemin, D. (2012) Aminododecyldiphosphonic Acid for Solvent Extraction of Bismuth Ions. International Journal of Nonferrous Metallurgy, 1, 59-64. doi: 10.4236/ijnm.2012.13008.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] M. Burguera, J. L. Burguera, C. Rondon and M. I. Garcia, “Determination of Bismuth in Biological Tissues by Electrothermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Using Platinum and Tartaric Acid as Chemical Modifier,” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, Vol. 16, No. 10, 2001, pp. 1190-1195.
[2] F. Habashi, “Arsenic, Antimony, and Bismuth Production,” Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 2008, pp. 332-336.
[3] J. D. Jorgenson, “US Geological Survey,” Mineral Commodity Summaries, Eastern Region, Reston, 2003, p. 37.
[4] J. A. Reyes-Aguilera, M. P. Gonzalez, R. Navarro, T. I. Saucedo and M. Avila-Rodriguez, “Supported Liquid Membranes (SLM) for Recovery of Bismuth from Aqueous Solutions,” Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 310, No. 1-2, 2008, pp. 13-19. HUdoi:10.1016/j.memsci.2007.10.020U
[5] E. M. Donaldson and M. Wang, “Determination of Silver, Antimony, Bismuth, Copper, Cadmium and Indium in Ores, Concentrates and Related Materials by Atomicabsorption Spectrophotometry after Methyl Isobutyl Ketone Extraction as Iodides,” Talanta, Vol. 33. No. 3, 1986, pp. 233-242. HUdoi:10.1016/0039-9140(86)80057-1U
[6] J. G. Yang, J. Y. Yang, M. T. Tang, C. B. Tang and W. Liu, “The Solvent Extraction Separation of Bismuth and Molybdenum from a Low Grade Bismuth Glance Flotation Concentrate,” Hydrometallurgy, Vol. 96, No. 4, 2009, pp. 342-348. HUdoi:10.1016/j.hydromet.2008.12.006U
[7] K. Campos, R. Domingo, T. Vincent, M. Ruiz and A. M. S. Guibal, “Bismuth Recovery from Acidic Solutions Using Cyphos IL-101 Immobilized in a Composite Biopolymer Matrix,” Water Research, Vol. 42, No. 14, 2008, pp. 4019-4031. HUdoi:10.1016/j.watres.2008.07.024U
[8] E. P. Horwitz, H. Diamond, K. A. Martin and R. Chiarizia, “Extraction of Americium (III) from Chloride Media by Octyl(phenyl)-N,N-diisobutylcarbamoylmethylphosphine Oxide,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1987, pp. 419-446. HUdoi:10.1080/07366298708918575U
[9] D. Villemin, B. Moreau, A. Elbilali, M. A. Didi, M. Kaid and P. A. Jaffres, “Green Synthesis of Poly(aminomethylenephosphonic) Acids,” Phosphorus, Sulfur and Silicon, Vol. 185, No. 12, 2010, pp. 2511-2519. HUdoi:10.1080/10426501003724897U
[10] A. Buch, M. Stambouli, D. Pareau and G. Durang, “Solvent Extraction of Nickel (II) by Mixture of 2-Ethylhexanal Oxime and Bis(2-ethylhexyl) Phosphoric Acid,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2002, pp. 49-66. HUdoi:10.1081/SEI-100108824U
[11] M. A. Didi, A. Elias and D. Villemin, “Effect of Chain Length of Alkane-1-hydroxy-1,1’-methyl Diphosphonics Acids on the Iron (III) Liquid-Liquid Extraction,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 20, No. 4-5, 2002, pp. 407-415. HUdoi:10.1081/SEI-120004813U
[12] J. R. Ferraro, A. W. Herlinger and R. Chiarizia, “Correlation of the Asymmetric and Symmetric POO Frequencies with the Ionic Potential of the Metal Ion in Compounds of Organophosphorus Acid Extractants: A Short Review,” Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange, Vol. 16, No. 3, 1998, pp. 775-794. HUdoi:10.1080/07366299808934552U
[13] P. E. Body, P. R. Dolan and D. E. Mulcahy, “Environmental Lead: A Review,” Critical Reviews in Environmental Control, Vol. 20, No. 5-6, 1991, pp. 299-310. HUdoi:10.1080/10643389109388403U
[14] I. Puigdomenech, “HYDRA (Hydrochemical Equilibrium- Constant Database) and MEDUSA (Make Equilibrium Diagrams Using Sophisticated Algorithms) Programs,” Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.