Share This Article:

Tethering of Homo and Block Glycopolymer Chains onto Montmorillonite Surface by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:2298KB) PP. 80-88
DOI: 10.4236/ojopm.2012.24012    3,243 Downloads   5,862 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Well-defined homo glycopolymer/montmorillonite (MMT) nanocomposite (gly1) was prepared successfully by the “grafting from” technique from the modified surface of MMT via surface initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) of 3-O-methacryloyl-1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-α-D-glucofuranose (gly) in the presence of Cu(I)Br/ bi- pyridyl at 90?C in xylene. Well-defined diblock copolymers (gly2, gly3, gly4 and gly5) were also synthesized via the same technique by using comonomers of methylmethacrylate (MMA) or styrene (St) with glycomonomer (gly) using the same catalytic system. The formed nanocomposites showed both intercalated and exfoliated structures, as judged by XRD and TEM measurements. Further analyses were performed on such nanocomposites to confirm their formation such as TGA and DSC. The structures of the attached polymers to MMT were characterized by 1H NMR.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

A. Amin, H. Kandil, A. Ramadan and M. Ismail, "Tethering of Homo and Block Glycopolymer Chains onto Montmorillonite Surface by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization," Open Journal of Organic Polymer Materials, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2012, pp. 80-88. doi: 10.4236/ojopm.2012.24012.

References

[1] S. V. Krishna and G. Pugazhenthi, “Properties and Thermal Degradation Kinetics of Polystyrene/Organoclay Nanocomposites Synthesized by Solvent Blending Method: Effect of Processing Conditions and Organoclay Loading,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 120, No. 3, 2011, pp. 1322-1336. doi:10.1002/app.33179
[2] R. Wilson, T. S. Plivelic, A. S. Aprem, C. Ranganathaiagh, S. A.Kumar and S. Thomas, “Preparation and Characterization of EVA/Clay Nanocomposites with Improved Barrier Performance,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 123, No. 6, 2012, pp. 3806-3818. doi:10.1002/app.34966
[3] S. Pavlidou and C. D. Papaspyrides, “A Review on Polymer-Layered Silicate Nanocomposites,” Progress in Polymer Science, Vol. 33, No. 12, 2008, pp. 1119-1198. doi:10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2008.07.008
[4] H. Roghani-Mamaqani1,V. Haddadi-Asl, M. Najafi and M. Salami-Kalajahi, “Synthesis and Characterization of clay Dispersed Polystyrene Nanocomposite via Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization,” Polymer composites, Vol. 31, No. 11, 2010, pp. 1829-1837.
[5] M. A. Tasdelen, J. Kreutzer and Y. Yagci, “In situ Synthesis of Polymer/Clay Nanocomposites by Living and Controlled/Living Polymerization,” Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 211, No. 3, 2010, pp. 279285. doi:10.1002/macp.200900590
[6] C.-P. Li, C.-M. Huang, M.-T. Hsieh and K.-H. Wei, “Properties of Covalently Bonded Layered-Silicate/Polystyrene Nanocomposites Synthesized via Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization,” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2005, pp. 534-542. doi:10.1002/pola.20536
[7] R. Barbey, L. Lavanant, D. Paripovic, N. Schuwer, C. Sugnaux, S. Tugulu and H.-A. Klok, “Polymer Brushes via Surface-Initiated Controlled Radical Polymerization: Synthesis, Characterization, Properties, and Applications,” Chemical Review, Vol. 109, No. 11, 2009, pp. 5437-5527. doi:10.1021/cr900045a
[8] B. R. Coada, Y. Lua and L. Meagher, “A Substrate-Independent Method for Surface Grafting Polymer Layers by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization: Reduction of Protein Adsorption,” Acta Biomaterialia, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2012, pp. 608-618. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2011.10.006
[9] R. Fleet. E. T. A. van den Dungen and B. Klumperman, “Synthesis of Novel Glycopolymer Brushes via a Combination of RAFT-Mediated Polymerisation and ATRP,” South African Journal of Science, Vol. 107, No. 3-4, 2011, pp. 1-11. doi:10.4102/sajs.v107i3/4.424
[10] E. B. Kheireddine and X. F. Huang, “Glyco-Nanomaterials: Translating Insights from the ‘Sugar-Code’ to Biomedical Applications,” Current Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 18, No. 14, 2011, pp. 2060-2078.
[11] T. Chen, D. P. Chang, T. Liu, R. Desikan, R. Datar, T. Thundat, R. Berger and S. Zauscher, “Glucose-Responsive Polymer Brushes for Microcantilever Sensing,” Journal of Materials Chemistry Articles, Vol. 20, No. 17, 2010, pp. 3391-3395. doi:10.1039/b925583d
[12] C. Gao, S. Muthukrishnan, W. Li, J. Yuan, Y. Xu and A. H. E. Müller, “Linear and Hyperbranched Glycopolymer-Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Kinetics, and Characterization,” Macromolecules, Vol. 40, No. 6, 2007, pp. 1803-1815. doi:10.1021/ma062238z
[13] K. Yu and J. N. Kizhakkedathu, “Synthesis of Functional Polymer Brushes Containing Carbohydrate Residues in the Pyranose form and Their Specific and Nonspecific Interactions with Proteins,” Biomacromolecules, Vol. 11, No. 11, 2010, pp.3073-3085. doi:10.1021/bm100882q
[14] A. Pfaff, V. S. Shinde, Y. Lu, A. Wittemann, M. Ballauff and A. H. E. Müller, “Glycopolymer-Grafted Polystyrene Nanospheres,” Macromolecular Bioscience, Vol. 11, No. 2, 2011, pp. 199-210. doi:10.1002/mabi.201000324
[15] K. R. Yoon1, B. Ramaraj, S. Lee, J.-S. Yu and I. S. Choi, “Surface-Initiated Atom-Transfer Radical Polymerization of 3-O-methacryloyl-1, 2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-α-Dglucofuranoside onto Gold Surface,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, Vol. 88, No. 3, 2009, pp. 735-740.
[16] Y. Someya, T. Nakazato, N. Teramoto and M. Shibata, “Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Poly (Butylene Succinate) Nanocomposites with Various Organo-Modified Montmorillonites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 91, No. 3, 2004, pp. 1463-1475. doi:10.1002/app.13366
[17] H. Datta, A. Bhowmick and N. Singha, “Tailor-Made Hybrid Nanostructure of Poly(Ethyl Acrylate)/Clay by Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization,” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 15, 2008, pp. 5014-5027. doi:10.1002/pola.22829
[18] K. Ohno, Y. Tsujii and T. Fukuda, “Synthesis of a Well-Defined Glycopolymer by Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization,” Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 36, No. 14, 1998, pp. 2473-2481. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1099-0518(199810)36:14<2473::AID-POLA5>3.0.CO;2-U
[19] H. B?ttcher, M. Hallensleben, S. Nub, H. Wurm, J. Bauer and P. Behrens, “Organic/Inorganic Hybrids by ‘Living’/Controlled ATRP Grafting from Layered Silicates,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 12, No. 5, 2002, pp. 1351-1354. doi:10.1039/b110819k
[20] K. Ohno, T. Morinaga, K. Koh, Y. Tsujii and T. Fukuda, “Synthesis of Monodisperse Silica Particles Coated with Well-Defined, High-Density Polymer Brushes by Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization,” Macromolecules, Vol. 38, No. 6, 2005, pp. 2137-2142. doi:10.1021/ma048011q

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.