Low Power Transceiver Design Parameters for Wireless Sensor Networks


Designing low power sensor networks has been the general goal of design engineers, scientist and end users. It is desired to have a wireless sensor network (WSN) that will run on little power (if possible, none at all) thereby saving cost, and the inconveniences of having to replace batteries in some difficult to access areas of usage. Previous researches on WSN energy models have focused less on the aggregate transceiver energy consumption models as compared to studies on other components of the node, hence a large portion of energy in a WSN still get depleted through data transmission. By studying the energy consumption map of the transceiver of a WSN node in different states and within state transitions, we propose in this paper the energy consumption model of the transceiver unit of a typical sensor node and the transceiver design parameters that significantly influences this energy consumption. The contribution of this paper is an innovative energy consumption model based on simple finite automata which reveals the relationship between the aggregate energy consumption and important power parameters that characterize the energy consumption map of the transceiver in a WSN; an ideal tool to design low power WSN.

Share and Cite:

A. Odey and D. Li, "Low Power Transceiver Design Parameters for Wireless Sensor Networks," Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2012, pp. 243-249. doi: 10.4236/wsn.2012.410035.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Holger Karl, and Andreas Willig,’’Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks. John Wiley & Sons, 2005, pp. 15-329. doi:10.1002/0470095121
[2] C.-Y. Chong and S. Kumar,"Sensor networks: Evolution, opportunities, and challenges", Proc. IEEE, Vol. 91, No. 8, pp.1247-1256, 2003. doi:10.1109/JPROC.2003.814918
[3] A. Chandrakasan, R.Min, M. Bhardwaj, S-H Cho, and A.Wang, “Power Aware Wireless Microsensor Systems,” ESSCIRC, Florence, Italy, September 2002 .
[4] I.F. Akyilm diz et al., “Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey,” Computer Networks, vol. 38, 2002, pp. 393-42.
[5] J. Moreno Molina, J. Haase, C. Grimm and J. Wenninger “Energy Profiling Technique for Network-Level Energy Optimization” IEEE Africon 2011 - The Falls Resort and Conference Centre, Livingstone, Zambia, 13 - 15 September 2011 doi:10.1109/AFRCON.2011.6072073
[6] Ali Norouzi and Ahmet Sertbas, “An Integrated Survey in Efficient Energy Management for WSN using Architecture Approach“, Int. J. Advanced Networking and Applications Volume; 03, Issue; 01, Pages: 968-977 (2011).
[7] Vikas Kumar and Rajender Kumar” Low Power Wake up Receiver for Wireless Sensor Network” IJCST Vo l. 1, IS Su e 1, Se p t. 2010.
[8] A Roy and N Sarma, “Energy Saving in MAC Layer of Wireless Sensor Networks: a Survey” “National Workshop in Design and Analysis of Algorithm (NWDAA)”, Tezpur University, India, 2010”.
[9] Jerker Delsing, John Borg, Jonny Johansson” Architecture for Extreme Low Power Sensing in Wireless Sensor Network Devices”: The Fifth International Conference on Sensor Technologies and Applications, SENSORCOMM 2011.
[10] Sandra Sendra, Jaime Lloret, Miguel García and José F. Toledo.“Power saving and energy optimization techniques for Wireless Sensor Networks“, Journal of communications, Vol 6. No 6, Sept, 2011.
[11] B. Han, D. Z. Zhang and T. Yang, “Energy Consumption Analysis and Energy Management Strategy for Sensor Node, ”International Conference on Information and Automation, Proceedings of the 2008 IEEE, Vol. 6, 2008, pp. 211-214.
[12] Q. Yang, X. H. Chen and J. H. Shi, “Low Power Design of the Terminal Node for Wireless Sensor Network,” Journal of Xiamen University (Natural Science), Vol. 47, No. 3, 2008, pp. 357-358.
[13] X. F. Wang, J. Xiang and B. J. Hu, “Evaluation and Improvement of an Energy Model for Wireless Sensor Networks,” Chinese Journal of Sensors and Actustors, Vol. 22, No. 9, 2009, pp. 1319-1321.
[14] Wikipedia, “Finite State Machines”. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/finite_automata.
[15] Libelium Corporation,“Waspmote Technical guide”. December, 2011, http://www.libelium.com /documentation/waspmote/waspmote-technical_ guide_ eng.pdf.
[16] J. Moreno Molina, J. Haase, and C. Grimm. “Energy consumption estimation and profiling in wireless sensor networks. In ARCS ’10 - 23th International Conference on Architecture of Computing Systens 2010 Workshop Proceedings, pages 259–264, Feb. 2010.
[17] X. Li, “Network Modeling and Simulation with OPNET Modeler,” Xidian University Press, Xi’an, 2006, pp.1-15.
[18] The Friis Equarion: http://www.antenna–theory .com/basics/friis.php. Accessed: February 15th, 2012.
[19] Atmel, ‘’Range Calculation for 300 MHz to 1000 MHz Communication Systems’’ http://www. Atmel.com/ Images/doc9144.pdf. February 16th, 2012.
[20] James A. Anderson and Thomas J. Head, “Automata theory with modern applications.” Cambridge University Press. pp. 105–108. (2006) ,ISBN 9780521848879.
[21] Rappaport, T. S., Wireless Communications: Principle and Practice. Prentice Hall, 2nd Edition, 2002.
[22] Roshdy Hafez, Ibrahim Haroun, Ioannis Lambadaris ’’Building Wireless Sensor Networks’’ ED Online ID#11071, Sept,2005 .http://mwrf.com/Article/ ArticleID /11071/11071.html, Accessed :January, 2012.
[23] Bo Zhao and Huazhong Yang .“Design of Radio-Frequency Transceivers for Wireless Sensor Networks”, http://www.intechopen.com/source /pdfs/12477/InTech-Design_of_radio_frequency_transceivers_for_wireless_sensor_networks.pdf. Accessed: January, 2012.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.