A Rainfall Distribution for the Lampao Site in the Chi River Basin, Thailand


In this study, the four-parameter kappa distribution with L-Moments estimation has been used to fit the distribution of weekly rainfall data at Lampao in the Chi River Basin, Thailand. The weekly precipitations with probabilities 0.75 were estimated, and the extreme rainfall estimates obtained can be used for water and agriculture management.

Share and Cite:

B. Kumphon, A. Kaew-Man and P. Seenoi, "A Rainfall Distribution for the Lampao Site in the Chi River Basin, Thailand," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 4 No. 10, 2012, pp. 866-869. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.410101.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] H. N. Phien, A. Arbhabhirama and A. Sunchindah, “Distribution of Monthly Rainfall in Northeast Thailand,” Southeast Asian Studies, Vol. 18, No. 1, 1980, pp. 110- 122.
[2] A. Phayomjamsri, “Weekly Rainfall Probability for Thai- land,” Study and Research Division, Meteorological Dapartment, Bangkok, 2008.
[3] J. R. M. Hosking, “L-Moments: Analysis and Estimation of Distribution Using Linear Combination of Order Statistics,” Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Vol. 52, No. 1, 1990, pp. 105-124.
[4] J. R. M. Hosking, “The Four-Parameter Kappa Distribution,” IBM Journal of Research Development, Vol. 38, No. 3, 1994, pp. 251-258. doi:10.1147/rd.383.0251
[5] E. S. S. Eslamian and H. Feizih, “Maximum Monthly Rainfall Analysis Using L-Moments for an Arid Region in Isfahan Province, Iran,” Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Vol. 46, 2007, pp. 494-503. doi:10.1175/JAM2465.1
[6] J. S. Park and H. S. Jung, “Modelling Korean Extreme Rainfall Using a Kappa Distribution,” Biometrika, Vol. 79, 2002, pp. 827-832.
[7] J. R. M. Hosking and J. R. Wallis, “Regional Frequency Analysis. An Approach Based on L-Moments,” Cam- bridge University Press, Cambridge, New York, Mel- bourne, 1997. doi:10.1017/CBO9780511529443
[8] B. P. Parida, “Modelling of Indian Summer Monsoon Rainfall Using a Four-Parameter Kappa Distribution,” International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 19, No. 12, 1999, pp. 1389-1398. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1097-0088(199910)19:12<1389::AID-JOC435>3.0.CO;2-T
[9] J. S. Park, S. C. Seo and T. Y. Kim, “ A Kappa Distribu- tion with a Hydrological Application,” Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, Vol. 23, No. 5, 2009, pp. 579-586. doi:10.1007/s00477-008-0243-5
[10] Thai Meteorological Department, “Thai Weather,” 2007. http://www.tmd.go.th/info/info.php?FileID=22
[11] N. G. Dastane, “Effective Rainfall in Irrigated Agriculture,” FAO, Irrigation, and Drainage Paper No. 25, Rome, 1977.
[12] L. R. Oldeman and M. Frere, “A Study of the Agroclimatology of the Humid Tropics of Southeast Asia,” Tech- nical Note No. 179, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations, 1982, pp. 72-76.

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.