Structural and Electrical Conductivity Studies in Nickel-Zinc Ferrite


The magnetic particles of nickel-zinc ferrite with chemical composition Ni1-xZnxFe2O4 were synthesized successfully by citrate precursor auto-combustion method using high purity nitrates and citric acid as chelating agent. The prepared powder of nickel-zinc ferrites was sintered at 1000℃ for 1 hr to obtain good crystalline phase and was used for further study. The X-ray diffraction technique was employed to confirm the single phase formation of nickel ferrite. The X-ray diffraction pattern shows the Bragg’s peak which belongs to cubic spinel structure. The values of lattice constant, X-ray density, bulk density, and porosity were calculated. The temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity plot shows the kink, which can be attributed to ferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition. The activation energy obtained from resistivity plots in paramagnetic region is found to be more than that in ferrimagnetic region. The conduction mechanism in nickel-zinc ferrite particles has been discussed on the basis of hopping of electrons.

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K. Krishna, K. Kumar and D. Ravinder, "Structural and Electrical Conductivity Studies in Nickel-Zinc Ferrite," Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2012, pp. 185-191. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2012.23028.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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