lick"); // $(this).attr("href","#"); // //$(this).bind('click', function() { SetNumTwo(23147)}); // var url = "../userInformation/PDFLogin.aspx"; // var refererrurl = document.referrer; // var downloadurl = window.location.href; // var args = "PaperID=" + 23147 + "&RefererUrl=" + refererrurl + "&DownloadUrl=" + downloadurl; // url = url + "?" + args + "&rand=" + RndNum(4); // // $(this).bind('click', function() { ShowTwo(url)}); // } // }); // } // //获取下载pdf注册的cookie // function getcookie() { // var cookieName = "pdfddcookie"; // var cookieValue = null; //返回cookie的value值 // if (document.cookie != null && document.cookie != '') { // var cookies = document.cookie.split(';'); //将获得的所有cookie切割成数组 // for (var i = 0; i < cookies.length; i++) { // var cookie = cookies[i]; //得到某下标的cookies数组 // if (cookie.substring(0, cookieName.length + 2).trim() == cookieName.trim() + "=") {//如果存在该cookie的话就将cookie的值拿出来 // cookieValue = cookie.substring(cookieName.length + 2, cookie.length); // break // } // } // } // if (cookieValue != "" && cookieValue != null) {//如果存在指定的cookie值 // return false; // } // else { // // return true; // } // } // function ShowTwo(webUrl){ // alert("22"); // $.funkyUI({url:webUrl,css:{width:"600",height:"500"}}); // } //window.onload = pdfdownloadjudge;
OJN> Vol.2 No.3, September 2012
Share This Article:
Cite This Paper >>

The unexpected emotional similarities and behavioral differences of Japanese men experiencing parenthood in Japan and the USA

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:682KB) PP. 204-207
DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.23031    3,584 Downloads   5,955 Views   Citations
Author(s)    Leave a comment
Hatsumi Taniguchi


Department of Nursing Human Health Science, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.


The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of childbirth and the experience of fatherhood on Japanese men in Japan and a foreign country. Descriptive phenomenology was used to study a total of 14 Japanese men who attended childbirth and experienced parenting in the United States and Japan. The Colaizzi method of data analysis was used to analyze responses to open-ended questions. Responses to these questions showed several similarities between the two groups of men. First, men in both countries felt closer to with their spouses having gone through the experience of childbirth together. Second, both groups nevertheless recognized a strong bond between mother and the baby, leading them to feel at times isolated. Third, both groups were concerned about their wives’ emotional swings during pregnancy and child rearing. Finally, both groups were more focused on their wives and babies than themselves. There were also several interesting differences. Japanese men who were living in Hawaii were more involved in taking care of their children and in helping with household chores than those living in Japan. This was due to living in a more family-oriented society, as well as a result of limited support from their extended families back in Japan. A result of spending more time with their wives and babies was that Japanese men in the United States understood more fully the stress of childcare. On the other hand, due to Japan’s work-oriented society, men in Japan relied more on support from their extended families, leaving them less time with their wives and children. This study clearly shows that social support systems alter gender roles and behavior, leading to significant differences in the experience of parenthood in Japan and a foreign country.


Japanese Men; Becoming a Father;

Cite this paper

Taniguchi, H. (2012) The unexpected emotional similarities and behavioral differences of Japanese men experiencing parenthood in Japan and the USA. Open Journal of Nursing, 2, 204-207. doi: 10.4236/ojn.2012.23031.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Shinagawa, N., Nomura, Y. and Katagiri, S. (1978) Social and medical discussion on Satogaeri Bunben. Nihonishikai Zasshi, 80, 351-355.
[2] Iwata, H. (2003) A concept analysis of the role of father hood: A Japanese perspective. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 14, 297-304. doi:10.1177/1043659603256456
[3] Aono, M., Takagi, K., Sasagawa, I., et al. (2005) Effect of witnessing the births of their children on husbands’ emotions—A comparison between two groups of husbands: Those who did and did not witness the births. Boseieisei, 45, 530-539.
[4] Nakashima, M. and Uchinohama, H. (2007) The awareness of husbands after being present at their child-birth. Boseieisei, 48, 82-89.
[5] Shinozawa, M., Ishida, S. and Hagihara, Y. (2007) Aware ness of paternal childrearing during the early postpartum period—Mothers’ expectation to their partners, views of gender roles and parenting class. Boseieisei, 47, 582-589.
[6] Kaplan, W. (2004) New dads in labors: An opportunity for involvement. International Journal of Childbirth Education, 19, 14-17.
[7] Genesoni, L. and Tallandini, M.A. (2009) Men’s psychological transition to fatherhood: An analysis of the literature, 1989-2008. Birth, 36, 305-318. doi:10.1111/j.1523-536X.2009.00358.x
[8] Moustakas, C.E. (2004) Phenomenological research methods. Sage Publications, Inc., Thousand Oaks.
[9] Taniguchi, H. and Magnussen, L. (2009) Expatriate Japanese women’s growth and transformation through child birth in Hawaii, USA. Nursing and Health Sciences, 11, 271-276. doi:10.1111/j.1442-2018.2009.00452.x
[10] Morse, J. and Richards, L. (2002) Read me first for a user’s guide to qualitative methods. Saga publications, inc., Thousand Oaks.
[11] Colaizzi, P.F. (1978) Psychological research as a phenomenologist views it. In: Valle, R.S. and King, M., Eds., Existential-Phenomenological Alternatives for Psychology, Oxford University Press, New York, 48-71.
[12] Fontenot, H.B. (2007) Transition and adaptation to adoptive motherhood. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 36, 175-182. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2007.00134.x
[13] Castillo, J., Welch, G. and Sarver, C. (2010) Fathering: The relationship between father’s residence, father’s sociodemographic characteristics, and father. Maternal Child Health Journal, 15, 1342-1349. doi:10.1007/s10995-010-0684-6
[14] Premberg, A., Hellstr?m, A.-L. and Berg, M. (2008) Experiences of the first year as father. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 22, 56-63. doi:10.1111/j.1471-6712.2007.00584.x

comments powered by Disqus
OJN Subscription
E-Mail Alert
OJN Most popular papers
Publication Ethics & OA Statement
OJN News
Frequently Asked Questions
Recommend to Peers
Recommend to Library
Contact Us

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.