The relation between differential leukocyte count, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and the presence and severity of coronary artery disease


Objectives: Total leukocyte count, a marker of inflammation has long been reported to be related with coronary artery disease (CAD). Recently, differenttial leukocyte count and elevated neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (N/L) has been shown to indicate an increased long-term risk of mortality in patients with stable CAD, myocardial infarction and undergoing cardiovascular surgery. Thses studies offer incremental prognostic value to total leukocyte count. We sought to determine the relationship between the leukocyte subtypes and N/L ratio and the presence and extent of CAD. Study design: The study consisted of 107 patients [70 (65.4%) men, 37 (34.6%) women, mean age 59.5 ± 10.6 years] referred to coronary angiography with suspected CAD. The subjects were classified into two groups according to the presence of significant CAD and the extent of CAD was determined by the Gensini method. Results: The lymphocyte count was found to be lower (2031 ± 741 cells/μL vs 2392 ± 611 cells/μL, p: 0.010) and the N/L ratio was found to be higher in patients with CAD (2.86 ± 1.57 vs 2.04 ± 1.01, p < 0.001). In correlation analysis, the lymphocyte count and N/L ratio were significantly correlated with the presence and severity of CAD. Multivariate analysis identified N/L as the only independent pre dictor of CAD after adjustment for traditional cardiovascular risk factors [odds ratio: 1.961, 95% confidence interval (1.223, 3.143), p: 0.005]. Conclusion: Our findings reveal that N/L ratio, a simple marker which can be derived from a routine complete blood count test was significantly and independently related to presence and severity of coronary atherosclerosis.

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Selcuk, H. , Dinc, L. , Selcuk, M. , Maden, O. and Temizhan, A. (2012) The relation between differential leukocyte count, neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio and the presence and severity of coronary artery disease. Open Journal of Internal Medicine, 2, 163-169. doi: 10.4236/ojim.2012.23025.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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