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Design, Synthesis and Cancer Cell Line Activities of Pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine Derivatives

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DOI: 10.4236/ojmc.2012.23010    4,476 Downloads   8,877 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Starting from 4,6-dimethyl-2-oxo-(1H)-3-pyridinecarbonitrile 1 and 3-aminopyrazolopyridine 4, a series of cyanopyri- dine derivatives 3a-i, Schiff bases 5a-f, urea and thiourea derivatives 6a-b, amide derivatives 7a-h, pyridopyra- zolopy-rimidine 8a-b and pyridopyrazolotriazine 10a-b were synthesized. Activities of eleven representative compounds were evaluated against A-549 (lung), HEPG2 (liver) and HCT-116 (colon) cancer cell lines. The findings revealed that some of the synthesized compounds showed remarkable anticancer activities, especially 8b which displayed the highest activity among the tested compounds with IC50 equal to 2.9, 2.6 and 2.3 µmol. In addition to synthesis and biological activities, we present discussion about the rationale of the design and activity of the potent compound 8b using struc- ture-based modeling tools.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

M. Mohamed, Y. Awad, S. El-Hallouty and M. El-Araby, "Design, Synthesis and Cancer Cell Line Activities of Pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridine Derivatives," Open Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 2 No. 3, 2012, pp. 78-88. doi: 10.4236/ojmc.2012.23010.

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