Effect of Recreation on the Species Richness and Diversity of Rotifers in Ponds

DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.49091   PDF   HTML     3,041 Downloads   4,975 Views   Citations


Planktonic rotifers were examined from April to October 2007 in two ponds created by sand extraction: Hubertus III (infrequently used for recreation)—pond I and Stawiki (commonly used for recreation)—pond II. The ponds are located within the protected Landscape Complex “Szopienice-Borki” in Silesian Upland (SW Poland). A total number of 58 taxa of rotifers were noted. The number of rotifer species and their densities were smaller in pond I than in pond II. In pond I, Polyarthra species were the most abundant, accounting for 48% of total rotifer density, whereas in pond II, Keratella cochlearis reached the highest density (accounting for 36% of total density). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed a significant difference between communities of rotifers in species diversity (F = 5.88, p = 0.02) and species richness (F = 5.57, p = 0.03). The research proved that the pond commonly used for recreation (pond II) is characterized by a higher trophic state. Results of this study indicate that the methods and range of use of water bodies by humans have an important influence on the species richness and diversity of communities of planktonic rotifers.

Share and Cite:

E. Skowronek, A. Cudak and I. Bielańska-Grajner, "Effect of Recreation on the Species Richness and Diversity of Rotifers in Ponds," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 4 No. 9, 2012, pp. 795-799. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2012.49091.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] M. Casé, E. E. Le?a, S. Neumann Leit?o, E. E. Sant’Anna, R. Schwamborn and A. T. de Moraes Jr., “Plankton Community as an Indicator of Water Quality in Tropical Shrim Culture Ponds,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 56, No. 7, 2008, pp. 1343-1352. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2008.02.008
[2] I. C. Duggan, Green and K. Thomasson, “Do Rotifers Have Potential as Bioindicators of Lake Trophic State?” Verhandlungen des Internationalen Verein Limnologie, Vol. 27, 2001, pp. 3497-3502.
[3] A. Karabin, J. Ejsmont-Karabin and R. Kornatowska, “Eutrophication Processes in a Shallow, Macrophyte- Dominated Lake—Factors Influencing Zooplankton Stru- cture an Density in Lake ?uknajno (Poland),” Hydrobiologia, Vol. 342-343, 1997, pp. 401-409. doi:10.1023/A:1017003810282
[4] N. D. Saksena, “Rotifera as Indicators of Water Quality,” Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica, Vol. 15, No. 5, 1987, pp. 481-485. doi:10.1002/aheh.19870150507
[5] R. L. Whitman, M. B. Nevers, M. L. Goodrich, P. C. Murphy and B. C. Davis, “Characterization of Lake Mi- chigan Coastal Lakes Using Zooplankton Assemblages,” Ecological Indicators, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2004, pp. 277-286. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2004.08.001
[6] O. I. Vandysh, “Zooplankton as an Indicator of the State of Lake Ecosystems Polluted with Mining Wastewater in the Kola Peninsula,” Russian Journal of Ecology, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2004, pp. 110-116. doi:10.1023/B:RUSE.0000018936.56649.20
[7] Z. Ferdous and A. K. M. Muktadir, “A Review: Potentiality of Zooplankton as Bioindicator,” American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 10, 2009, pp. 1815-1819. doi:10.3844/ajassp.2009.1815.1819
[8] S. Lodi, L. C. G. Vieira, L. F. M. Velho, C. C. Bonecker, P. de Carvalho and L. M. Bini, “Zooplankton Community Metrics as Indicators of Eutrophication in Urban Lakes,” Natureza & Conserva??o, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2011, pp 87-92. doi:10.4322/natcon.2011.011
[9] D. D. Kane, S. I. Gordon, M. Munawar, M. N. Charlton and D. A. Culver, “The Planktonic Index of Biotic Intergrity (P-IBI): An Approach for Assessing Lake Ecosystem Health,” Ecological Indicators, Vol. 9, 2009, pp. 1234-1247. doi:10.1051/limn/1985017
[10] N. Kuczyńska-Kippen, P. Nowosad and G. Grzegorz, “Ocena Jako?ci Wód Jezior Wielkopolskiego Parku Naro- dowego Oraz Zbiorników Rekreacyjnych Miasta Po- znania w Okresie Wiosennym,” Roczniki Akademii Rolni- czej w Poznaniu CCCLXIII, Vol. 7, 2004, pp. 193-200 (in English Summary).
[11] M. Rz?ta?a, “Funkcjonowanie Zbiorników Wodnych oraz Przebieg Procesów Limnicznych w Warunkdach Zró?- nicowanej Antropopresji na Przyk?adzie Regionu Gór- no?l?skiego,” 2008, (in English Summary).
[12] N. J. Gotelli and G. L. Entsminger, “EcoSim: Null Models Software for Ecology,” Acquired Intelligence Inc. & Kesey-Bear Jericho, VT 05465, 2006. http://garyentsminger.com/ecosim.htm
[13] L.K. Matveeva, “Can Pelagic Rotifers Be Used as Indicators of Lake Trophic State,” Verhandlungen des Internationalen Verein Limnologie, Vol. 24, 1991, pp. 2761- 2763.
[14] A. Karabin, “Pelagic Zooplankton (Rotatoria and Crustacea) Variation in the Process of Lake Eutrophication. 1. Structural and Quantitative Features,” Ekologia Polska, Vol. 33, 1985, pp. 567-616.
[15] I. Bielańska-Grajner, A. G?adysz, B. Furman, A. Ga- domska, A. Kopaczyńska-Nowacka and K. ?yme?ka, “Rotifer Communities in Reservoirs Created by Sand Extraction in the Silesian Upland,” Teka Komisji Ochrony i Kszta?towania ?rodowiska Przyrodniczego, Vol. 5, 2008, pp. 12-17.
[16] I. Bielańska-Grajner and B. K?os, “Planktonie Rotifers (Rotatoria) in Two Fidel Ponds in Rudziniec (Upper Silesia),” Acta Biologica Silesiana, Vol. 36, 2002, pp. 105- 116.
[17] J. Ejsmont-Karabin and N. Kuczyńska-Kippen, “Urban Rotifers: Structure and Densities of Rotifer Communities in Water Dobies of the Poznań Agglomeration Area (Western Poland),” Hydrobiologia, Vol. 446-447, No. 1, 2001, pp. 165- 171. doi:10.1023/A:1017555424078
[18] G. A. Galkovskaya and D. V. Molotkov, “Species Diversity and Dominance in the Planktonic Rotifer Community of the Pripyat River in the Chernobyl Region (1988- 1996),” Hydrobiologia, Vol. 446-447, No. 1, 2001, pp. 179-185. doi:10.1023/A:1017559624987
[19] A. M. Ostoji?, “Effect of Eutrophication on Changes in the Composition of Zooplankton in the Gro?nica Reservoir (Serbia, Yugoslavia)”. Hydrobiologia, Vol. 436, 2000, pp. 171-178. doi:10.1023/A:1026539616969
[20] I. Bielańska-Grajner and A. G?adysz, “Planktonic Rotifers in Mining Lakes in the Silesian Upland: Relationship to Environmental Parameters,” Limnologica, Vol. 40, No. 1, 2010, pp. 67-72. doi:10.1016/j.limno.2009.05.003
[21] D.O. Hessen, J.P. Nilssen, “Factors Controlling Rotifer Abundances in a Norwegian Eutrophic Lake: An Experimental Study,” Annales de Limnologie, Vol. 21, No. 2, 1985, pp. 97-105. doi:10.1051/limn/1985017
[22] B. B. Castro, S. C. Antunes, R. Pereira, A. M.V.M. Soares and F. Goncalves, “Rotifer Community Structure in Three Shallow Lakes: Seasonal Fluctuations and Explanatory Factors,” Hydrobiologia, Vol. 543, No. 1, 2005, pp. 221-232. doi:10.1007/s10750-004-7453-8
[23] C. Bai?o and M. J. Boavida, “Rotifers of Portuguese Reservoirs in River Tejo Catchment: Relations with Trophic State,” Limnetica, Vol. 24, No. 1-2, 2005, pp. 103-114.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.