Alteration in T-Cell Cytokine Production by Vitamin A and Zinc Supplementation in Mice


Simultaneous zinc and vitamin A deficiency are common health problems in developing countries. The objective of this study was to assess effect of supplementation of high zinc or vitamin A on immune function. After three months of feeding with a zinc and vitamin A deficient diet, mice were assigned into four groups which, for additional two months, received a normal or high zinc along with vitamin A deficient diet and a normal or high vitamin A along with zinc deficient diet. Serum and intestinal mucosa immunoglobulin A (IgA) were determined and supernatants of splenocytes were used to assess interlukin (IL)-2, IL-5, IFN-γ. Mice maintained on zinc deficient diet with normal or high vitamin A resulted in significantly lower production of IFN-γ. Also, supplementation of high dose vitamin A augmented production of the cytokine as compared to normal intake of the vitamin. Supplementation of either normal or high zinc along with low vitamin A diet significantly led to higher production of IFN-γ as compared to those receiving zinc limited but adequate vitamin A. High intake of zinc along with vitamin A deficient diet significantly enhanced secretion of IL-2. Levels of serum and mucosal IgA and IL-5 were not be significantly modulated. Moreover, animals fed with high doses of zinc showed increased IL-2 production than those that had normal intake of zinc. Results indicated that zinc and vitamin A supplementation up-regulates production of T-cell cytokines, IFN-γ and IL-2.

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S. Kheirvari and M. Alizadeh, "Alteration in T-Cell Cytokine Production by Vitamin A and Zinc Supplementation in Mice," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 8, 2012, pp. 1060-1067. doi: 10.4236/fns.2012.38141.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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