Exploring the Catalytic Activity of Zirconia, Zirconia Supported Metals and Metal Oxides for Oxidation of Phenol

DOI: 10.4236/mrc.2012.12004   PDF   HTML     7,284 Downloads   12,053 Views   Citations

Abstract

Catalytic oxidation/degradation of phenol with molecular oxygen in aqueous medium by Zirconia, zirconia supported metals and metal oxides at low temperature were studied in a three necked batch reactor. The catalysts prepared were characterized by modern techniques like XRD, SEM and EDX. The activities of different catalysts for the oxidation of phenol in aqueous medium were found to be in the order; Pt-Pd/ZrO2 > Bi-Pt/ZrO2 > Bi-Pd/ZrO2> Pt/ZrO2 > Pd/ZrO2 > Cu/ZrO2> Mn/ZrO2 > Bi/ZrO2. The enhanced catalytic activity of Bi-Pt/ZrO2 is attributed to Bi which in contact with Pt particles promotes its catalytic activity. In short, catalytic oxidation was found to be an effective tool, for the removal of phenol, from industrial waste water.

Share and Cite:

M. Sadiq and M. Ilyas, "Exploring the Catalytic Activity of Zirconia, Zirconia Supported Metals and Metal Oxides for Oxidation of Phenol," Modern Research in Catalysis, Vol. 1 No. 2, 2012, pp. 23-27. doi: 10.4236/mrc.2012.12004.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Imamura, S.: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 38 (1999) 1743.
[2] Wang, R. Qi, Y. Shen, Z. Wu, Z.: Huadong Huagong Xueyuan Xue. 4 (1982) 411.
[3] Leitenburg, C. Goi, D. Primavera, A. Trovarelli, A. Dolcetti, G.: Appl. Catal. B. 11 (1996) L29.
[4] Atwater, J. E. Akse, J. R. Mckinnis, J. A. Thompson, J. O.: Appl. Catal. B. 11 (1996) L11.
[5] Carlo, R. Federico, C. Silvia, B. Ombretta, P. Guido, B.: Appl. Catal. B: Environ. 84 (2008) 678.
[6] Castro, I. U. Sherrington, D. C. Fortuny, A. Fabregat, A. Stüber, F. Font, J. Bengoa, C.: Catal. Today. 157 (2010) 66.
[7] Souza, L. D. Subaie, J.S. Richards, R.: J. Colloid Interface Sci. 292 (2005) 476.
[8] Souza, L. D. Suchopar, A. Zhu, K. Balyozova, D. Devadas, M. Richards, R. M.: Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 88 (2006) 22.
[9] Tatibouet, J. M. Guelou, E. Fournier, J.: Topics in Catalysis. 33 (2005) 225.
[10] Greenberg, A. E. Clesceri, L. S. Eaton, A. D. Standard Methods-For the Examination of Water and Wastewater 18a Ed., Part 5000, 6, APHA-AWWA-WPCF (1992).
[11] Zhang, Q. Chuang, K.T.: Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 37 (1998) 3343.
[12] Resini, C. Catania, F. Berardinelli, S. Paladino, O. Busca, G. Appl Catal B: Environ. 84 (2008) 678.
[13] Ilyas, M. Sadiq, M.: Chin J Chem. 26 (2008) 941.
[14] Ilyas, M. Sadiq, M.: Chin. J. Chem. 28 (2010) 2216.
[15] Bavykin, D. V. Lapkin, A. A. Kolaczkowski, S. T. Plucinski, P. K.: App. Catal. A. 288 (2005) 175.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.