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Mica Filled PVC Composites: Performance Enhancement in Dielectric and Mechanical Properties with Treated/Untreated Mica of Different Particle Size and Different Concentration

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DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.112014    6,068 Downloads   7,560 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) of different grades is the second most commonly used polymer for fabrication of electric cables and wires after polyethylene. Cables of domestic and industrial use of various capacities are fabricated using different compounds of PVC. Mica is useful particulate filler extensively used to enhance the performance of many polymeric materials. It surface resistance and arc resistance improving its mechanical properties. In the present research work mica filled PVC composites of different concentrations were prepared using untreated and surface treated water ground mica of different particle size. Mica filled PVC composites were compounded for various compositions and test samples were prepared using compression moulding process. These samples were tested for electrical insulation and mechanical properties. The results shows enhancement in dielectric properties with improvement in Young’s modulus, stiffness, reduction in elongation at break and slight increase in shore D hardness of composites. Scanning electron microscopy was used to test the morphology of the samples which has shown proper distributions and adhesion of the filler mica in PVC matrix. There was some effect of surface treatment of mica on its mechanical and dielectric properties of the composite.

Cite this paper

S. Deshmukh and A. Rao, "Mica Filled PVC Composites: Performance Enhancement in Dielectric and Mechanical Properties with Treated/Untreated Mica of Different Particle Size and Different Concentration," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 11 No. 2, 2012, pp. 169-181. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.112014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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