Community Creation by Residents and Tourists via Takachiho kagura in Japanese Rural Area


Rural communities are disappearing in Japan due to aging, depopulation, and changes in lifestyles. Recently, outsiders such as immigrants, volunteers, and tourists cooperate with residents to revive and maintain rural communities. This paper uses my fieldwork in the rural areas of Takachiho, where the Japanese traditional dance kagura is well-known, to consider the possibility that residents and tourists cooperatively create shared communities. Actually, an increasing number of tourists visit Takachiho to see kagura. Consequently, some dancers miss “classical” kagura, which involved almost exclusively local residents in intimate interactions. Nonetheless, many dancers welcome the influx of tourists and its stimulation of community festivals. Some tourists are attracted to kagura at community festivals, and some dancers and tourists have tried to forge bridges between their groups to create a shared community. The existence of kagura becomes an important common symbol that connects members of local communities.

Share and Cite:

Horiuchi, S. (2012). Community Creation by Residents and Tourists via Takachiho kagura in Japanese Rural Area. Sociology Mind, 2, 306-312. doi: 10.4236/sm.2012.23041.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Akitsu, M. (1998). Nogyo seikatsu to nettowak: Tsukiai no shiten kara. Tokyo: Ochanomizu Shobou.
[2] Bauman, Z. (2001). Community: Seeking safety in an insecure world. Cambridge: Polity Press.
[3] Beck, U., Giddens, A., & Lash, S. (1994). Reflexive modernization: Politics, tradition and aesthetics in the modern social order. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
[4] Boorstin, D. J. (1962). The Image: A guide to pseudo-events in America. New York: Harper.
[5] Cohen, E. (1988). Authenticity and commoditization in tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 15, 371-386. doi:10.1016/01607383(88)90028-X
[6] Cohen, A. P. (1985). The symbolic construction of community. London: Tavistock Publications.
[7] Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, S95-S120. doi:10.1086/228943
[8] Delanty, G. (2003). Community. London: Routledge.
[9] Fukushima, M. (2003). Takachiho yokagura no kenko shinrigakuteki kenkyuu. Tokyo: Kazama Shobou.
[10] Granovetter, M. S. (1973). The strength of weak tie. American Journal of Sociology, 78, 1360-1380. doi:10.1086/225469
[11] Hechter, M. (1987). Principles of group solidarity. Berkeley: University of California Press.
[12] Hobsbawm, E., & Ranger, T. (eds) (1983). The invention of tradition. New York: Cambridge University Press.
[13] Horiuchi, S. (2008). Affiliative segregation of outsiders from a community: Bonding and bridging social capital in Hachimori, Japan. International Journal of Japanese Sociology, 17, 91-100. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6781.2008.00111.x
[14] Horiuchi, S. (2011). Which negotiators contribute to community formation? Analysis by agent based model. Sociological Theory and Methods, 26, 51-66.
[15] Horiuchi, S. (2012). The boundary between “bad” and “good” outsiders and the construction of unifying elements underpinning rural communities. In J. A. Jaworski (Eds.), Advances in sociology research (Vol. 12), New York: Nova Science Publishers.
[16] Hoshino, H. (2009). Mura no dento geinou ga abunai. Tokyo: Iwata Shoin.
[17] Hosoya, T. (1998). Gendai to nihon no-son shakaigaku. Miyagi: Tohoku University Press.
[18] Kito, S. (1998). The “yosomono (outsider)” concept in the study of environmental movements: Through the case of nature-rights movements in Isahaya and Amami. Kankyo Shakaigaku Kenkyu, 4, 44-59.
[19] Kotegawa, Z. (1976). Takachiho kagura. Miyazaki: Kotegawa Zenjiro Iko Shuppankai.
[20] Lamont, M., & Molnar, V. (2002). The study of boundaries in the social science. Annual Review of Sociology, 28, 167-195. doi:10.1146/annurev.soc.28.110601.141107
[21] MacCannell, D. (1973). The tourist: A new theory of leisure class. California: University of California Press.
[22] MacIver, R. M. (1917). Community: A sociological study. London: Macmillan.
[23] Moon, O. (1989). From paddy field to ski slope: The revitalization of tradition in Japanese village life. New York: Manchester University Press.
[24] Nash, D. (1996). Anthropology of tourism. New York: Pergamon.
[25] Olson, M. (1965). The logic of collective action: Public goods and the theory of groups. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
[26] Orikuchi, S. (2003). Kodai kenkyu III. Tokyo: Tyuo-Koron.
[27] Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[28] Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.
[29] Smith, V. L. (Eds). (1989). Hosts and guests: The anthropology of tourism (2nd ed.). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
[30] Smith, V. L., & Eadington, W. R. (1992). Tourism alternative: Potentials and problems in the development of tourism. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
[31] Suzuki, E. (1968). Nihon noson shakaigaku genri. Tokyo: Miraisha.
[32] T?nnies, F. (1887). Gemeinschaft und gesellschaft. Leipzig: Fues’s Verlag
[33] Yamaguchi, Y. (2000). Miyazaki no kagura. Miyazaki: Komyakusha.
[34] Yamamoto, S (Eds.) (2003). Shinrin borantia ron. Tokyo: Nihonringyo chosakai.
[35] Yamashita, S. (2003). Bali and beyond: Explorations in the anthropology of tourism. New York: Berghahn Books.
[36] Young, J. (1998). The exclusive society: Social exclusion, crime and difference in late modernity. London: Sage publications.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.