Effect of Concentration of Mica on Properties of Polyester Thermoplastic Elastomer Composites


Particulate filled polymer composites are becoming attractive because of their wide applications and low cost. In this study the effects of mica with varying concentration on the mechanical, thermal, electrical, rheological and morphological properties of polyester thermoplastic elastomer (Hytrel?) was investigated. Composites of Hytrel? with varying concentrations (viz. 5 to 40 weight %) of mica were prepared by twin screw extrusion. Mechanical properties such as flexural strength and modulus were found to increase with mica concentration, whereas tensile strength was found to decrease at higher concentrations. Electrical and thermal properties of composite were found to increase with filler concentration. Morphological studies revealed that there is a good dispersion of filler in the polymer matrix at lower oncentrations.

Share and Cite:

M. Sreekanth, V. Bambole, S. Mhaske and P. Mahanwar, "Effect of Concentration of Mica on Properties of Polyester Thermoplastic Elastomer Composites," Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, Vol. 8 No. 4, 2009, pp. 271-282. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.84024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Katz, H.S., Milevski, J.V., 1978, Handbook of Fillers and Reinforcements for Plastics, Vol.1, ed.1, pp.333-457, Van Notrand Reinhold, New York.
[2] Unal, H., Findik, F., 2003, “Mechanical Behavior of Nylon Composites Containing Talc and Kaolin.” J.Appl Polym. Sci, Vol. 88, pp. 1694-1697.
[3] Walker, B. M., 1979, Handbook of Thermoplastic Elastomer, Vol.1, ed.1, pp. 103-118, New York, Litton Education Publishing.
[4] Kaforglou, N. K., 1977, “Thermomechanical studies of semicrystalline polyether-ester copolymers.” J.Appl Polym Sci, Vol. 21, pp. 543-554.
[5] Nagai, Y., Ogawa, T., Zhen, L. Y., 1997, “Analysis of weathering of thermoplastic elastomers." Polym. Degrad. Stab, Vol.56, pp. 115-121.
[6] Aso, O., Eguiazabal, J. I., Nazabal, J., 2007, “The influence of surface modification on the structure and properties of a nanosilica filled thermoplastic elastomer.” Compo. Sci. Tech, Vol. 67, pp. 2854-2863.
[7] George, W., 1999, Mica, Handbook of Fillers, Vol. 1, ed. 2, pp. 112-115, Toronto, New York, Chem Tech Publishing.
[8] Bose, S., Mahanwar, P. A., 2004, “Effect of Particle Size of Filler on Properties of Nylon-6” J. Min .Mat .Char.& Eng., Vol. 3, No.1, pp. 23-31.
[9] Baral, D., De, P. P., Nando, G. B., 1999, “Thermal characterisation of mica filled thermoplastic polyurethane composites.” Polym. Degrad. Stab, Vol. 65, pp. 47-51.
[10] Pinto, U. A., Visconte, L. LY., 2001, “Mechanical properties of Thermoplastic Polyurethane elastomer with mica and aluminium trihydrate.” Eur. Polym. J, Vol. 37, pp. 1935-1937.
[11] Gan, D., Lu, S., Song, C., Wang, S., 2001, “Mechanical properties and frictional behavior of mica filled Poly(aryl ether ketone) composites.” Eur. Polym. J, Vol. 37, pp. 1359-1365.
[12] Song, C., Wang, S., Gan, D., Lu, S., 2001, “Physical properties of Poly(ether ketone ketone)/mica composites. ” Mat. Lett, Vol. 48, pp. 299-302.
[13] Pastorini, M. T., Nunes, R. C. R., 1999, “Mica as a filler for ABS/Polycarbonate blends.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol. 74, pp. 1361-1365.
[14] Joshi, A. D., 1993, “TPO vs PVC for automotive interior.” J. Coated Fabrics, Vol. 23, pp. 67- 73.
[15] Parister, L. M., 1983, “Copolyester: The fuel resistant thermoplastic elastomer.” J. Elastomer & Plastics, Vol. 15, pp.146- 158.
[16] He, D., Jiang, B., 1993, “The elastic modulus of filled polymer composites.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol. 49, pp. 617-621.
[17] Gahleitener, M., Neibl, W., 1994, “Correlation between Rheological and mechanical properties of mineral filled polypropylene composites”, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., Vol. 53, pp. 283-289.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.