Evaluation of Shear Strength and Cone Penetration Resistance Behavior of Tropical Silt Loam Soil under Uni-Axial Compression

DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2012.22014   PDF   HTML     6,732 Downloads   10,330 Views   Citations


Laboratory investigations were conducted to study strength characteristics of silt loam soil of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria, under uni-axial compression tests. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of applied pressure and moisture content on strength indices such as bulk density, penetration resistance and shear strength of the soil and to develop relationships between the strength indices for predictive purposes necessary in soil management. The compression was carried out at different moisture contents determined according to the consistency limits of the soil. The applied pressure ranged from 75 to 600 kPa. Values of bulk density, penetration resistance and shear strength increased with increase in moisture content up to peak values after which the values decreased with further increase in moisture content. Regression models were used to describe the trends in the results for the soil. Results also showed that bulk density and soil strength normally regarded as indicators of soil quality are affected by moisture content and applied pressure and that these properties can be predicted using the models generated from the study.

Share and Cite:

S. Manuwa and O. Olaiya, "Evaluation of Shear Strength and Cone Penetration Resistance Behavior of Tropical Silt Loam Soil under Uni-Axial Compression," Open Journal of Soil Science, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2012, pp. 95-99. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2012.22014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] C. Vanags, B. Minasny and A. B. McBratney, “The Dynamic Penetrometer for Assessment of Soil Mechanical Resistance,” 2004. http://www.regional.org.au/au/asssi/supersoil2004/s14/poster/1565_vanagsc.htm
[2] H. Hillel, “Soil and Water: Physical and processes,” Academic Press, New York, 1971.
[3] W. R. Gill, and G. E. Van den Berg, “Soil Dynamics in Tillage and Traction,” Handbook 316, Agricultural Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC, 1968.
[4] S. Assouline, “Modeling Soil Compaction under Uniaxial Compression,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 66, No. 6, 2002, pp. 1784-1787. doi:10.2136/sssaj2002.1784
[5] A. J. Koolen, and H. Kuipers,”Agricultural Soil Mechanics,” Springer-Verlag, New York, 1983, pp. 171-280. doi:10.1007/978-3-642-69010-5
[6] A. J. Koolen, “A method of Soil Compatibility Determination,” Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, Vol. 19, No. 3, 1974, pp. 271-278. doi:10.1016/0021-8634(74)90066-3
[7] W. E. Larson, S. C. Gupta, R. A. Useche, “Compression of Agricultural Soils from Eight Soil Orders,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 44, 1980, pp. 450- 457. doi:10.2136/sssaj1980.03615995004400030002x
[8] G. R. Saini, T. L. Chow, and I. Ghanen, “Compatibility Indexes of Some Agricultural Soils of New Brunswick, Canada,” Soil Science, Vol. 137, 1984, pp. 33-38. doi:10.1097/00010694-198401000-00005
[9] S. C. Gupta, and R. R. Allmaras, “Models to Assess the Susceptibility of Soil to Compaction,” Advances in Soil Science, Vol. 6, 1987, pp. 65-100. doi:10.1007/978-1-4612-4682-4_2
[10] K. C. Oni, “Traffic Compaction and Tillage Effects on the Performance of Maize in Sandy loam Soil of Nigeria,” Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America, Vol. 22, No. 2, 1991, pp. 27-31.
[11] C. W. Smith, M. Johnston and A. Lorentz, “Assessing the Compaction Susceptibility of South African Forestry Soils. 1. The Effect of Soil Type, Water Content and Applied Pressure on Uni-axial Compaction,” Soil Tillage & Research, Vol. 41, 1977, pp. 53-73. doi:10.1016/S0167-1987(96)01084-7
[12] D. D. Fritton, “An Improved Empirical Equation for Uniaxial Soil Compression for a Wide Range of Applied Stresses,” Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 65, 2001, pp. 678-684. doi:10.2136/sssaj2001.653678x
[13] J. O. Ohu, G. S. V. Raghavan, E. McKyes and G. Mehuys, “Shear Strength Prediction of Compacted Soils with Varying added Organic Matter Contents,” Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, Vol. 29, No. 2, 1986, pp. 251-255.
[14] A. P. Onwualu, and U. G. N. Anazodo, “Soil Compaction Effect on Maize Production under Various Tillage Methods in a Derived Savanna Zone of Nigeria,” Soil & Tillage Research, Vol. 14, No. 2, 1989, pp. 99-114. doi:10.1016/0167-1987(89)90025-1
[15] T. W. Lambe, “Soil Testing for Engineers,” John Wiley, New York, 1951.
[16] A. Walkley and I. A. Black, “An Examination of the Different Methods for Determining Soil Organic Matter and a Proposed Modification of the Chromic Acid Titration Method,” Soil Science, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1934, pp. 29- 38. doi:10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003
[17] M. Krzic, C. E. Bulmer, F. Teste, L. Dampier and S. Rahman, “Soil properties Influencing Comppactability of Forest Soils in British Columbia,” Canadian Journal of Science, Vol. 84, 2004, pp. 219-226.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.