In Vitro Organogenesis of Colocasia esculenta cv. Antiquorum L.


In vitro organogenesis of an upland species of Colocasia esculenta cv. antiquorum L. was examined in relation to different explants like meristem and parenchymatous storage tissues with or without anthocyanin layer, four levels of each of Kn, 2,4-D, NAA and BAP and four incubation environments such as: 1) 16 h 3 Kl light intensity + 24°C ± 2°C; 2) 24 h dark + 24°C ± 2°C; 3) 24 h dark + 30°C ± 3°C and 4) 12 h diffuse light + 30°C ± 3°C. Only meristems showed proliferation with various degree of intensity both at 16 h 3 Kl light + 24°C ± 2°C and 24 h dark + 24°C ± 2°C conditions and poor response with different levels of Kn + NAA either in light or in the dark. Cultures with NAA + BAP were proliferated very quickly with very high degree of intensity. The cultures under dark did not proliferate for 20 days which upon transfer to light showed high degree of proliferation. Cultures with NAA + BAP formed calluses more pronouncedly at dark than that occurred in the light. Parenchymatous tissues with or without anthocyanin did not proliferate but the tissues with anthocyanin lost pigmentation after 25 - 30 days and turned to grey colour after 50 days while tissues without anthocyanin turned to green colour with shinny pimples indicating that protocorm may be developed. No culture under high temperature environment (30°C ± 3°C) neither survived nor proliferated. The meristems in culture were died within 15 - 20 days while others within 25-30 days. In conclusion, a combination of NAA (0.5 - 3.0 mg/l) and BAP (0.5 - 2.0 mg/l) and an incubation photoperiod of 16 h coupled with temperature of 24°C ± 2°C were found most suitable for in vitro culture of Colocasia esculenta cv. antiquorum L.

Share and Cite:

M. Hossain, "In Vitro Organogenesis of Colocasia esculenta cv. Antiquorum L.," American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 6, 2012, pp. 709-713. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2012.36085.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] M. M. Rashid, “Transferable Technologies in Tuber Crops,” Tuber Crops Research Centre, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur, 1991, pp. 1-14.
[2] R. D. Hartman, “Dasheen Mosaic Virus and Other Phy- topathogens Eliminated from Caladium, Taro and Co- coyam by Cultures of Shoot Tips,” Phytopathology, Vol. 64, 1974, pp. 237-240. doi:10.1094/Phyto-64-237
[3] G. Staritsky, A. J. Dekkers, N. P. Louwaars and E. A. Zandvoort, “In Vitro Conservation of Aroid Germplasm at Reduced Temperatures and under Osmotic Stress,” In: L. A. Withers and P. G. Alderson, Eds., Plant Tissue Culture and Its Agricultural Applications, Butterworths, London, 1986, 1986, pp. 277-283.
[4] R. Pathirana, “Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources through in Vitro Methods,” In: A. H. Zakri, M. N. Normah, A. G. A. Karim and M. T. Senawi, Eds., Proceedings of the MNCPGR/CSC International Workshop on Tissue Culture for the Conservation of Biodiversity and Plant Genetic Resources, Lumpur, 28-31 May 1991, pp. 213-230.
[5] R. J. Westcott, G. G. Henshaw and W. M. Roca, “Tissue Culture of Potato Germplasm: Culture Iniatiation and Plant Regenaration,” Plant Science Letters, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1977, pp. 309-315. doi:10.1016/0304-4211(77)90101-8
[6] A. Y. Akhand, O. M. Islam and M. Ali, “In Vitro Conservation of Taro (Colocasia esculenta var. antiquorum L.) under Different Sucrose Levels,” Plant Tissue Culture, Vol. 7, 1997, pp. 81-88.
[7] M. J. Hossain, “In Vitro Node Culture of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.),” Bangladesh Horticulture, Vol. 16, 1988, pp. 1-7.
[8] N. G. Nair and S. Chandrababu, “A Slow Growth Medium for in Vitro Conversation of Edible Yams,” Journal Root Crops, Vol. 20, 1994, pp. 68-69.
[9] V. Z. Acedo, A. Q. Villordon and E. S. Quevedo, “Callus Induction in Yam (Dioscorea alata L.),” Journal Root Crops, Vol. 20, 1994, pp. 64-67.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.