An Introductory Study of the Hydrogen Atom with Paraquantum Logic


Paraquantum Logics (PQL) has its origins in the fundamental concepts of the Paraconsistent Annotated Logics (PAL) whose main feature is to be capable of treating contradictory information. Based on a class of logics called Paraconsistent Logics with annotations of two values (PAL2v), PQL performs a logical treatment on signals obtained by measurements on physical quantities which are considered Observable Variables in the physical world. In the process of application of the PQL the obtained values are transformed in Evidence Degrees and represented on a Lattice of four Ver- tices where special equations transform these degrees into Paraquantum logical states ψ which propagate. The propagation of Paraquantum logical states provides us with results which can be interpreted and modeled through phenomena studied in physics. Using the paraquantum equations, we investigate the effects of balancing of Energies and the quantization and transience properties of the Paraquantum Logical Model in real Physical Systems. As a demonstration of the usage of the paraquantum equations we perform a numerical comparative study that applies the PQL to the Bohr’s model to find the energy levels of the Hydrogen atom. It is verified that the values of energy in each level of the Paraquantum logical model of the Hydrogen atom are close to the values found by the conventional way. The results through the Paraquantum Logic allow considering other important properties of the atom, as the forecast of number of electrons in each layer.

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J. Silva Filho, "An Introductory Study of the Hydrogen Atom with Paraquantum Logic," Journal of Modern Physics, Vol. 3 No. 4, 2012, pp. 312-333. doi: 10.4236/jmp.2012.34044.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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