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Co-liquefaction of Coal and Used Tire in Supercritical Water

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DOI: 10.4236/epe.2010.22014    4,239 Downloads   8,010 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The co-liquefaction of lignite coal and used tire was performed in a 250-ml batch reactor, in supercritical water under a nitrogen atmosphere to investigate the effects of temperature (380-440℃), water/feedstock ratio (4/1-10/1 (wt./wt.)) and the % used tire content in the feedstock (0-100 wt.%) on the conversion efficiency, liquid yield and oil composition attained. The maximum conversion and oil yield were 67 and 50%, respectively, obtained at 400℃ at 1 min, with water/feedstock ratio of 10/1 and 80% used tire content. The distillation characteristics of the oil products, analyzed by simulated distillation gas chromatography, revealed that the oil composition depended significantly on the reaction temperature. The co-liquefaction of coal and used tire yielded a synergistically increased level of oil production. Moreover, the total conversion level obtained with co-liquefaction alone was almost equal to those obtained in the presence of either Fe2O3 or NiMo as catalysts, under the same conditions. Therefore, supercritical water is a good medium for the dissolution of the volatile matter from a coal and used tire matrix.

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K. Onsri, P. Prasassarakich and S. Ngamprasertsith, "Co-liquefaction of Coal and Used Tire in Supercritical Water," Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 2 No. 2, 2010, pp. 95-102. doi: 10.4236/epe.2010.22014.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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