Nutritional Status, Food Consumption at Home, and Preference-Selection in the School


To assess the relationship between food consumption at home, nutritional status, gender preference and the preference-selection of natural products (fruits and vegetables) and industrialized (candies and chips) in a situation of free access for a population of Mexican schoolchildren. 115 children participated in the test, 59 boys and 56 girls from second, fourth and sixth grade of elementary school. We have taken measures of weight, size and the 24-hour consumption record during over five days, at which time also we evaluated the preference and selection of a group of ten products (naturals and industrialized). According to the results 60% of children had normal weight, 23.47% overweight, 14.8% risk of overweight an 1.73% underweight. There were no significant differences with X2 test between nutritional status and gender. Multivariate analysis was applied between gender, consumption by food groups and nutritional status, the interaction was significant in all cases. The Pearson correlation between preference and food choice in the situation of open access is high in the school students at risk of overweight. The preferred and selected products for consumption are those with the highest content of saturated fat, sugars and salt, the less preferred and selected products were fruits and vegetables. We could conclude that the population is at risk for their low consumption of fruits and vegetables; situation that is reflection of the home consumption this document.

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M. López-Gamiño, M. Alarcón-Armendáriz and X. Torres-Beltrán, "Nutritional Status, Food Consumption at Home, and Preference-Selection in the School," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 281-285. doi: 10.4236/fns.2012.33041.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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