Nutritional Status, Food Consumption at Home, and Preference-Selection in the School

DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.33041   PDF   HTML     5,011 Downloads   8,308 Views   Citations

Abstract

To assess the relationship between food consumption at home, nutritional status, gender preference and the preference-selection of natural products (fruits and vegetables) and industrialized (candies and chips) in a situation of free access for a population of Mexican schoolchildren. 115 children participated in the test, 59 boys and 56 girls from second, fourth and sixth grade of elementary school. We have taken measures of weight, size and the 24-hour consumption record during over five days, at which time also we evaluated the preference and selection of a group of ten products (naturals and industrialized). According to the results 60% of children had normal weight, 23.47% overweight, 14.8% risk of overweight an 1.73% underweight. There were no significant differences with X2 test between nutritional status and gender. Multivariate analysis was applied between gender, consumption by food groups and nutritional status, the interaction was significant in all cases. The Pearson correlation between preference and food choice in the situation of open access is high in the school students at risk of overweight. The preferred and selected products for consumption are those with the highest content of saturated fat, sugars and salt, the less preferred and selected products were fruits and vegetables. We could conclude that the population is at risk for their low consumption of fruits and vegetables; situation that is reflection of the home consumption this document.

Share and Cite:

M. López-Gamiño, M. Alarcón-Armendáriz and X. Torres-Beltrán, "Nutritional Status, Food Consumption at Home, and Preference-Selection in the School," Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol. 3 No. 3, 2012, pp. 281-285. doi: 10.4236/fns.2012.33041.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] T. Shamah-Levy and R. C. Vázquez, “Evaluación de la Orientación Alimentaria en Escolares a Través de la Vigilancia Nutricional,” Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México, Vol. 55, No. 1, 1998, pp. 314-322.
[2] G. Olaíz-Fernández, J. Rivera-Dommarco, T. ShamahLevy, R. Rojas, S. Villalpando-Hernández, M. Hernández-ávila and J. Sepúlveda-Amor, “Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2006,” Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Cuernavaca, México, 2006.
[3] Ministry of Health, “Encuesta Nacional de Enfermedades Crónicas,” Dirección General de Epidemiología, México, 1993.
[4] T. González de Cossío, J. A. Rivera, D. González-Castell, M. Unar-Munguía and E. Monterrubio, “Child Malnutrition in Mexico in the Last Two Decades: Prevalence Using The New WHO-2006 Growth Standards,” Salud Pública de México, Vol. 51, No. S4, 2009, pp. 494-506.
[5] A. E. Evans, M.K. Sawyer-Morse and A. Betsinger, “Fruit and Vegetable Consumptions among MexicanAmerican College Students,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 100, No. 1, 2000, pp. 13991402. doi:10.1016/S0002-8223(00)00388-6 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0002822300003886#sec2
[6] S. Domel, T. Baranowski, H. Davis, W. Thompson, S. Leonard, P. Riley, J. Baranowski, V. Dudovitz and M. Smyth, “Development and Evaluation of School Intervention to increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption among 4th and 5th Grade Students,” Journal of Nutrition Education, Vol. 25, No. 6, 1993, pp. 345-349.
[7] S. Domel, W. Thompson and H. Davis, “Fourth-Grade Children’s Observed Consumption of, and Preferences for, School Lunch Foods,” Nutrition Research, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2000, pp. 439-443.
[8] J. Ward, D. Hoelscher and M. Briley, “Food Choices of Third-Grade Children in Texas,” Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Vol. 102, No. 3, 2002, pp. 409-412. doi:10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90095-7
[9] L. Birch and J. O. Fisher, “Development of Eating Behaviors among Children and Adolescents,” Pediatrics, Vol. 101, No. 3, 1998, pp. 539-549.
[10] L. Birch, “Psychological Influences on the Childhood Dietetic,” Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 128, No. 2, 1998, pp. 407S-410S.
[11] Y. Wong, Y. Ch. Huang, S. L. Chen and S. Yamamoto, “Is de College Environment Adequate for Accessing to Nutrition Education: A Study in Taiwan,” Nutritional Research, Vol. 19, No. 9, 1999, pp. 1327-1337. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0271531799000901
[12] C. Ribbeck, A. Pinheiro and E. Atalah, “Comparación de los Resultados de dos Métodos de Encuestas Alimentarias,” Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición, Vol. 53, No. 2, 2003, pp. 172-177.
[13] M. Zamora and V. Valverde, “El Puntaje Dietético Co-mo Metodología Simplificada Para Procesar y Analizar Datos de Consumo de Alimentos,” Archivos Latinoame-ricanos de Nutrición, Vol. 33, No. 4, 1983, pp. 843-858.
[14] National Center of Health Statistics, UF Department of Health and Human Services, “Growth Charts. Children 2 to 20 Years (5th-95th Percentile)”, 2000. http://www.cdc.gov/growthcharts/clinical_charts.htm#Set1
[15] A. Chávez and M. Chávez, “La Nueva Alimentación,” Editorial Pax, México, 1998.
[16] J. Rivera-Dommarco, T. Shamah-Levy, S. VillalpandoHernández, T. González de Cossío, B. Hernández-Prado B. and J. Sepúlveda, “Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición 1999. Estado Nutricio de Ni?os y Mujeres en México,” Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública Cuernavaca, Morelos, México, 2001.
[17] Ministry of Health, “Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-042-SSA2-2005, Servicio Básicos de Salud. Promoción Para la Salud en Materia Alimentaria. Crite-rios Para Brindar Orientación,” Diario Oficial de la Federación, 2006, pp. 32-49.
[18] L. Douglas, “Children’s Food Choice,” Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 98, No. 1, 1998, pp. 14-18. doi:10.1108/00346659810196273
[19] E. Romero, O. Campollo, J. F. Castro, R. Cruz and E. Vázquez, “Hábitos de Alimentación e Ingestión de Calorías en un Grupo de Ni?os y Adolescentes Obesos,” Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2006, pp. 187-194.
[20] J. Aranceta, C. Pérez, L. Ribas and L. Serra, “EpideMiología y Factores Determinantes de la Obesidad Infan-til y Juvenil en Espa?a,” Revista Pediatría de Aten-ción Primaria, Vol. 7, Suppl. 1, 2005, pp. 13-20. http://www.aepap.org/pdf/obesidad_epidemiologia.pdf
[21] M. Bacardí-Gascón, A. Jiménez-Cruz, E. Jones and V. Guzmán-González, “Alta Prevalencia de Obesidad y Obesidad Abdominal en Ni?os Escolares Entre 6 y 12 A?os de Edad,” Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México, Vol. 64, No. 6, 2007, pp. 362-369.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.