Share This Article:

The relation between ambulance transports due to heat stroke and air temperature using daily data in Okayama prefecture, Japan

Abstract Full-Text HTML Download Download as PDF (Size:135KB) PP. 112-115
DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.21016    4,361 Downloads   7,138 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the link between ambulance transports due to heat stroke and air temperature by using daily data of ambulance transports in Okayama prefecture, Japan. Daily observations for ambulance transports due to heat stroke from July to September in 2010 in Okayama prefecture, Japan were obtained from Fire and Disaster Management Agency in Japan. Data of meteorological parameters in Okayama prefecture, Japan were also obtained from Japan Meteorological Agency. Effect of meteorological parameters on ambulance transports due to heat stroke was analyzed. A total of 1133 ambulance transports due to heat stroke were observed in from July to September of 2010 in Okayama prefecture, Japan. Ambulance transports due to heat stroke was significantly correlated with air temperature. In addition, number of subjects with ambulance transports due to heat stroke over 34°C in the highest air temperature was 21.2 ± 9.8 per day. Higher air temperature was closely associated with higher ambulance transports due to heat stroke by using daily data in Okayama, prefecture, Japan.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Miyatake, N. , Sakano, N. and Murakami, S. (2012) The relation between ambulance transports due to heat stroke and air temperature using daily data in Okayama prefecture, Japan. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2, 112-115. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.21016.

References

[1] Kalkstein, L.S. and Greene, J.S. (1997) An evaluation of climate/mortality relationships in large US cities and the possible impacts of a climate change. Environmental Health Perspecttives, 105, 84-93. doi:10.1289/ehp.9710584
[2] Sakano, N., Miyatake, N., Murakami, S., Suzue, T., Hirao, T. and Ogino, K. (2011) Changes in temperatures in Okayama area compared with different urbanization areas, Japan. Journal of Environtal Protection, 2, 162-167. doi:10.4236/jep.2011.22018
[3] Sakano, N., Miyatake, N., Suzue, T., Suna, S., Hirao, T. and Ogino, K. (2011) The relation between high temperatures and ambulance transports in Okayama city, Japan. Journal of Preventive Medicine, 6, 17-20.
[4] Miyatake, N., Nakao, M., Sakano, N., Suna, S., Suzue, T. and Hirao, T. (2011) Higher ambulance transports were closely associated with higher ambulance transports in Takamatsu area, Japan. Journal of Environmental Protection, 2, 72-75. doi:10.4236/jep.2011.21007
[5] Miyatake, N., Sakano, N. and Murakami, S. (2012) The relation between ambulance transports stratified by heat stroke and air temperature in all 47 prefectures of Japan in August 2009: Ecological study. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine, 17, 77-80.
[6] Okayama prefecture, Japan (2011). http://www.pref.okayama.jp/kikaku/kokusai/momo/e/gaiyou/gaiyou.html
[7] Fire and Disaster Management Agency, Japan (2011). http://jsem.umin.ac.jp/pdf/heat_qqhansouteikyou.pdf#search=
[8] Japan Meteorological Agency (2011). http://www.data.jma.go.jp/obd/stats/etrn/index.php?prec_no=66&prec_ch=%89%AA%8ER%8C%A7&block_no=47768&block_ch=%89%AA%8ER&year=2010&month=&day=&elm=&view=
[9] Bai, H., Islam, M.N., Kuroki, H., Honda, K. and Wakasugi, C. (1995) Deaths due to heat waves during the summer of 1994 in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Nihon Hoigaku Zasshi, 49, 265-274.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.