Neural Network Modeling for Ni(II) Removal from Aqueous System Using Shelled Moringa Oleifera Seed Powder as an Agricultural Waste


A single-layer Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model was developed to predict the removal efficiency of Ni(II) ions from aqueous solution using shelled Moringa Oleifera seed (SMOS) powder. Batch experiments resulted into standardization of optimum conditions: biomass dosage (4.0 g), Ni(II) concentration (25 mg/L) volume (200 mL) at pH 6.5. A time of forty minutes was found sufficient to achieve the equilibrium. The ANN model was designed to predict sorption efficiency of SMOS for target metal ion by combining back propagation (BP) with principle component analysis. A sigmoid axon was used as transfer function for input and output layers. The Levenberg–Marquardt Algorithm (LMA) was applied, giving a minimum mean squared error (MSE) for training and cross validation at the ninth place of decimal.

Share and Cite:

K. Raj, A. Kardam, J. Arora, M. Srivastava and S. Srivastava, "Neural Network Modeling for Ni(II) Removal from Aqueous System Using Shelled Moringa Oleifera Seed Powder as an Agricultural Waste," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2010, pp. 331-338. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2010.24038.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] R. Nadeem, M. A. Hanif, F. Shaheen, M. N. Perveen Zafar, T. Iqbal, “Physical and Chemical Modification of Distillery Sludge for Pb(II) Biosorption,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 150, No. 2, January 2008, pp. 335-342.
[2] Y.-K. Chang, J.-E. Chang, T.-T. Lin and Y.-M. Hsu, “Integrated Copper Containing Waste Water Treatment Using Xanthate Process,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 94, No. 1, 2 September 2002, pp. 89-99.
[3] S. J. Park and Y. S. Jang, “Pore Structure and Surface Properties of Chemically Modified Activated Carbons for Adsorption Mechanism and Rate of Cr(VI),” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol. 249, No. 2, 15 May 2002, pp. 458-463.
[4] R. A. Rao and M. A. Khan, “Biosorption of Bivalent Metal Ions from Aqueous Solution by an Agricultural Waste: Kinetics, Thermodynamics and Environmental Effects,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 332, No. 2-3, 15 January 2009, pp. 121-128.
[5] A. H. Hawari, C. N. Mulligan, “Biosorption of Pb(II), Cd (II), Cu(II) and Ni(II) by Anaerobic Granular Biomass,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 97, No. 4, March 2006, pp. 692-700.
[6] V. Isabel, V. Nuria, V. Maria, M. Nuria, P. Jordi and S. Joan, “Grapes Stalks Waste as Low Cost Biosorbents: An Alternative for Metal Removal from Aqueous Solutions,” Water Research, Vol. 38, 2004, pp. 992-1002.
[7] S. R. Shukla and S. P. Roshan, “Removal of Heavy Met-als by Jute Fibres,” Bioresourse Technology, Vol. 96, No. 2, 2005, pp.1430-1438.
[8] F. Pagnanelli, L. Toro and M. Sara, “Removal and Re-covery of Ni(II), Pb(II) and Cr(III) by Olive Mill Residue,” Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 15, 2002, pp. 47-59.
[9] K. Periasamy and C. Namasivayam, “Removal of Ni (II) from Aqueous Solution and Nickel Plating Industry Wastewater Using an Agricultural Waste: Peanut Hulls,” Waste Management, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1995, pp. 63-68.
[10] M. Ronteltap, M. Maurer and W. Gujer, “The Behavior of Pharmaceuticals and Heavy Metals during Struvite Precipitation in Urine,” Water Research, Vol. 41, No. 9, May 2007, pp. 1859-1868.
[11] P. P. Vishwakarma, K. P. Yadava and V. N. Singh, “Nickel(II) Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Adsorp-tion on Fly Ash,” Pertanika, Vol. 12, 1989, pp.357-366.
[12] N. Akhtar, J. Iqbal and M. Iqbal, “Removal and Recovery of Nickel(II) from Aqueous Solution by Loofa Sponge-Immobilized Biomass of Chlorella Sorokiniana: Characterization Studies,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 108, No. 1-2, April 2004, pp. 85-94.
[13] W. Saha and K. L. Edwards, “The Use of Artificial Neural Networks in Material Science Based Research,” Ma-terials Design, Vol. 28, No. 6, 2007, pp. 1747-1752.
[14] P. Rai, G. C. Majumdar, S. Das Gupta and S. De, “Modeling the Performance of Batch Ultra Filtration of Syn-thetic Fruit Juice and Mosambi Juice Using Artificial Neural Network,” Journal of Food Engineering, Vol. 71, No. 3, December 2005, pp.273-281.
[15] A. Abbas and N. Al-Bastaki, “Modeling of an RO Water Desalination Unit Using Neural Network,” Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 114, No. 1-3, November 2005, pp. 139-143.
[16] A. Shahavand and M. P. Chenar, “Neural Network Modeling of Hollow Fiber Membrane Processes,” Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 297, No. 1-2, July 2007, pp. 59-73.
[17] P. Sharma, P. Kumari, M. M. Srivastava and S. Srivastava, “Biosorption Studies on Shelled Moringa Oleifera Lamarck Seed Powder: Removal and Recovery of Arsenic from Aqueous System,” International Journal of Mineral Processing, Vol. 78, No. 3, February 2006, pp. 131-139.
[18] P. Sharma, P. Kumari, M. M. Srivastava and S. Srivastava, “Ternary Biosorption Studies of Cd(II), Cr(III) and Ni(II) on Shelled Moringa Oleifera Seeds,” Bioresourse Technology, Elsevier, Vol. 98, No. 2, January 2007, pp. 474- 477.
[19] P. Sharma, P. Kumari, M. M. Srivastava and S. Srivastava, “Removal of Cd from Aqueous System by Shelled Moringa Oleifera Lamarck Seed Powder,” Bioresourse Technology, Elsevier, Vol. 97, No. 2, 2006, pp.299-305.
[20] P. Sharma, P. Goyal and S. Srivastava, “Biosorption of Trivalent and Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous System Using Shelled Moringa Oleifera Seeds,” Chemical Speciation and Bioavailability, Vol. 19, No. 4, November 2007, pp. 185-191.
[21] A. C. Texier, Y. Andres, C. Faur-Brasquet and P. Le Cloirec, “Fixed-bed Study for Lanthanide (La, Eu, Yb) Ions Removal from Aqueous Solutions by Immobilized Pseudomonas Aeruginosa: Experimental Data and Mode-lization,” Chemosphere, Vol. 47, No. 3, April 2002, pp. 333-342.
[22] K. H. Chu, “Prediction of Two-Metal Biosorption Equi-libria Using a Neural Network,” European Journal of Mineral Processing and Environmental Protection, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2003, pp. 119-127.
[23] K. Yetilmezsoy and S. Demirel, “Artificial Neural Net-work (ANN) Approach for Modeling of Pb (II) Adsorption from Aqueous Solution by Antep Pistachio (Pistacia Vera L.) Shells,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 153, No. 3, May 2008, pp. 1288-1300.
[24] M. A. Hashem, “Adsorption of Lead Ions from Aqueous Solution by Okra Wastes,” International Journal of Physical Science, Vol. 2, No. 7, 2007, pp. 178-184.
[25] N. T. Abdel-Ghani and G. A. Elchaghaby, “Influence of Operating Conditions on the Removal of Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb Ions from Wastewater by Adsorption,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2007, pp. 451-456.
[26] H. Parmar, J. Patel, P. Sudhakar and V. J Koshi, “Re-moval of Fluoride from Water with Powdered Corn cobs,” Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, Vol. 48, No. 2, 2006, pp. 135-138.
[27] N. T. Abdel-Ghani, M. Hefny and G. A. F. El-Chaghaby, “Removal of Lead from Aqueous Solution Using Low Cost Abundantly Available Adsorbents,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 2007, pp. 67-73.
[28] M. Iqbal, A. Saeed and N. Akhtar, “Petiolar Felt-Shealth of Palm: A New Biosorbent for the Removal of Heavy Metals from Contaminated Water,” Bioresourse Tech-nology, Vol. 81, No. 2, January 2002, pp. 151-153.
[29] A. C. Brostlap and J. Schuurmans, “Kinetics of L-valine Uptake in Tobacco Leaf Disc. Comparison of Wild-Type, the Digenic Mutant Valr-2, and its Monogenic Derivatives,” Planta, Vol. 176, No. 1, November 1988, pp. 42- 50.
[30] G. Costa, J. C. Michant and A. Guckert, “Amino Acids Exuded from Axenic Roots of Lettuce and White Lupin Seedlings Exposed to Different Cadmium Concentra-tions,” Journal of Plant Nutrition, Vol. 20, No. 7-8, 1997, pp. 883-900.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.