Myelin-associated serological targets as applicable to diagnostic tools to be used at the preclinical and transient stages of multiple sclerosis progression
Dmitry Kostyushev, Ivan Tsarev, Dmitry Gnatenko, Mikhail Paltsev, Sergey Suchkov
DOI: 10.4236/oji.2011.13010   PDF    HTML     4,307 Downloads   8,551 Views   Citations


MS is a severe progressive autoimmune disease with slight short-term relapses in its course. Autoagression against vulnerable myelin-associated Ags results in multiple lesions throughout the CNS. Abnormal responses against nervous issues are mainly affected by cell-mediated and humoral immunity. The first one plays a key role in the restructuring of myelin, while the last one is a biomarker of MS and does not participate in the gradation of the disease. Wide-scale autoimmune attack towards nervous tissues leads to a stepwise demyelination with concomitant release of myelin Ags (epitope spreading), formation of Abs and, consequently, systematization of pro-inflammatory responses. Monitoring of antimyelin-antibodies (Abs: OSP, MOBP, BMP, MOG, PLP) in peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is just a brick for making the preclinical diagnosis of MS and timely implementation of predictive measures and preventive treatment. Major autoAbs and their target antigens are discussed in this chapter with a special emphasize on the possibility of their impact for identification of pre-morbid stages and differential diagnosis of MS.

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Kostyushev, D. , Tsarev, I. , Gnatenko, D. , Paltsev, M. and Suchkov, S. (2011) Myelin-associated serological targets as applicable to diagnostic tools to be used at the preclinical and transient stages of multiple sclerosis progression. Open Journal of Immunology, 1, 80-86. doi: 10.4236/oji.2011.13010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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