Materials Sciences and Applications

Volume 10, Issue 10 (October 2019)

ISSN Print: 2153-117X   ISSN Online: 2153-1188

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.97  Citations  

Nanomaterials in Low-Temperatures Fuel Cells—The Latest Reports

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DOI: 10.4236/msa.2019.1010046    749 Downloads   2,474 Views  Citations
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ABSTRACT

Nanotechnology is a field of research with objects up to 100 nm in size. Nanomaterials belong to a wide area in the field of material engineering. These include nanolayers, nanoslabs, nanopores, nanotubes, nanofibers, nanoparticles and quantum dots. Nanostructures are characterized by special properties due to their nanometric dimensions. The natural properties of nanostructures allow their wide application in various industries. The paper presents an overview of the application and significance of nanostructures in fuel cell technology, with particular emphasis on nanocatalysts. The article includes the classification of nanomaterials, new hybrid nanostructures, types of surface modification, division by area of application, with particular emphasis on nanomaterials in the advanced energy system. The design and operation of fuel cells and the role of nanoparticles have been described taking into account existing solutions to reduce generator costs. The high price of low temperature fuel cells depends on the number of nanoparticles used. The article describes the risk associated with using products at the nano scale. Higher concentrations of these extremely active materials can be dangerous and can cause ecological problems and harm natural ecosystems.

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Wlodarczyk, R. (2019) Nanomaterials in Low-Temperatures Fuel Cells—The Latest Reports. Materials Sciences and Applications, 10, 643-664. doi: 10.4236/msa.2019.1010046.

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