Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Volume 9, Issue 5 (May 2019)

ISSN Print: 2160-8792   ISSN Online: 2160-8806

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.37  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

The Maternal Deaths at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of the Ignace Deen National Hospital, University Teaching Hospital (CHU) Conakry, Guinea

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2019.95058    540 Downloads   1,305 Views  

ABSTRACT

Objectives: 1) To calculate the ratio of maternal mortality. 2) To describe the socio-demographic characteristics of deceased patients. 3) To identify the main causes of maternal deaths. Methodology: This was a retrospective study of the 12-month period from January 1st to December 31st, 2015 performed at the Gynaecology Obstetrics Department of the Ignace Deen National Hospital, Conakry, Guinea. The study included women who died during pregnancy, childbirth, and in its peripheries according to WHO’s maternal death report. Results: We collected 38 cases of maternal deaths out of 4404 live births, accounting a ratio of 863 per 100,000 live births. The socio-demographic characteristics of these 38 patients were: 20 - 24 years of age (26%), married (78%), housewives (37%), students (44%), and nulliparous (29%), no prenatal follow-up (47%), and home-birth (49%). The 1st and 3rd type of delay amounted for 40% and 53%, respectively. Patients consulted after 12 hours after symptom-onsets accounted 47%, whereas those before 6 hours accounted for 19%, suggesting the delay of first medication. The final diagnosis and diagnosis at admission coincided in 69% of cases. The emergency kit was available for all. The opinion of a specialist was available in 16 patients. Blood was available in 40% of the patients who required it. Death caused by conditions directly related to pregnancy/delivery accounted for 71%. Haemorrhage was the most frequent cause of death. Death occurred within the first 24 hours of admission in 73% of cases. Conclusion: We here shed light on the maternal death in this area. Although we did not demonstrate the method/procedure to reduce this high rate of maternal mortality, the present study may provide a fundamental data to reduce maternal death in this area.

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Diallo, B. , Diallo, M. , Balde, O. , Sylla, I. , Conte, I. , Diallo, A. , Bah, O. , Camara, S. , Balde, I. , Sy, T. , Hyjazi, Y. and Keita, N. (2019) The Maternal Deaths at the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of the Ignace Deen National Hospital, University Teaching Hospital (CHU) Conakry, Guinea. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 9, 597-603. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2019.95058.

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