Agricultural Sciences

Volume 8, Issue 7 (July 2017)

ISSN Print: 2156-8553   ISSN Online: 2156-8561

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.01  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Microbial Carbon, Mineral-N and Soil Nutrients in Indigenous Agroforestry Systems and Other Land Use in the upper Solimões Region, Western Amazonas State, Brazil

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DOI: 10.4236/as.2017.87050    981 Downloads   1,977 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

Slash and burn cultivation systems carried out by many farmers in the Amazon region lead to changes in biogeochemical cycles of nutrients. To assess the extent of the impact of shifting cultivation on the soil in a floodplain portion of this region, samples of an Inceptisol surface layer (0 - 5 cm) under primary forest (FP), secondary forest at an advanced stage of recovery (FS), secondary forest at an initial stage of recovery (CAP), agroforestry (SAF), plantations (R?) in indigenous communities and small farmers, and pasture (PAS) in the Upper Solim?es region, Amazonas, were subjected to analysis of chemical composition during the wet (May) and dry (October) seasons, 2007. Soils were fertile with levels of P, K, Ca and Mg above those generally found in Amazon soils. Microbial content did not vary significantly in the systems studied in the wet season, but there was a reduction of around 60% with the change of season, except for soils with SAF. Ammonium nitrogen was predominant in all systems and seasons studied. Nitrate content was higher in R? soil, in two seasons, and lower in PAS. The type of management adopted by farmers in the region’s indigenous agroforestry systems resulted in small changes in P, K, Mg, MBC and mineral-N levels, independent of soil moisture.

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Tunes Villani, F. , Aguiar Ribeiro, G. , Albuquerque Villani, E. , Geraldes Teixeira, W. , Souza Moreira, F. , Miller, R. and Sena Alfaia, S. (2017) Microbial Carbon, Mineral-N and Soil Nutrients in Indigenous Agroforestry Systems and Other Land Use in the upper Solimões Region, Western Amazonas State, Brazil. Agricultural Sciences, 8, 657-674. doi: 10.4236/as.2017.87050.

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