Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases

Volume 13, Issue 11 (November 2023)

ISSN Print: 2165-7424   ISSN Online: 2165-7432

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.3  Citations  

Diagnosis of Male Hypogonadism: Experience of a Subsaharan African Endocrinology Department: Transversal Study from January 1st, 2020 to July 31st, 2022

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DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2023.1311016    60 Downloads   248 Views  


Introduction: Hypogonadism should be suspected in a man who has symptoms and signs of testosterone deficiency. Clinical manifestations depend on the severity and duration of testosterone deficiency, whether the testicular deficit is concerning only androgen synthesis, spermatogenesis, or both. The objective of our study was to evaluate the clinical and aetiological characteristics of male hypogonadism in Dakar’s suburb. Patients and methods: We conducted a transversal study from January 1st, 2020 to July 31st, 2022. We included all male patients aged at least 14 years old with hypogonadism confirmed by a low level of early-morning free testosterone based on two different dosages. For all patients included, sociodemographic and diagnostic parameters were collected by using a pre-established registration form. Results: In total, 20 patients were selected. The average age was 36.3 years old [14 - 62 years old]. Half of the patients were overweight. Five patients had an abdominal circumference greater than 94 cm (37 inches). The other comorbidities found in our patients were type 2 diabetes (n = 1), hypertension (n = 1) and primary hypercholesterolemia in 2 patients. The functional signs reported by the patients were: couple’s infertility in 17 patients, decreased libido in 14 patients, erectile dysfunction in 13 patients, premature ejaculation in 2 patients and anejaculation in 4 patients. The physical examination revealed a bilateral testicular atrophy in 17 patients and a unilateral testicular atrophy in 2 patients; no patient had varicocele or urethral meatus abnormalities. Ten patients presented a micropenis. A eunuchoid morphotype was present in 6 patients and a short stature was noted in 2 patients. It was peripheral hypogonadism (HH) in 18 patients and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (Hh) in 2 patients. The hypogonadotropic hypogonadism was isolated in both cases. The testicular echography confirmed testicular atrophy and showed cryptorchidism in 5 patients. The pituitary MRI performed in 2 patients with Hh showed an aspect of empty sella turcica in one patient and was normal in the second patient. Conclusion: In our practice, the diagnosis of male hypogonadism is most often made in adulthood. The most usual clinical presentation is failure of pubertal sexual development associated or not with a eunuchoid morphotype. The anomalies of spermatogenesis are found in most patients. Infertility is the primary motive for consultation.

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Ndiaye, N. , Diack, N. , Leye, Y. , Niang, M. , Cisse, A. , Benani, Y. and Leye, A. (2023) Diagnosis of Male Hypogonadism: Experience of a Subsaharan African Endocrinology Department: Transversal Study from January 1st, 2020 to July 31st, 2022. Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases, 13, 217-226. doi: 10.4236/ojemd.2023.1311016.

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