Advances in Anthropology

Volume 12, Issue 2 (May 2022)

ISSN Print: 2163-9353   ISSN Online: 2163-9361

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.38  Citations  

The Soninke Civilization: The Societal Organization and Its Flaws

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DOI: 10.4236/aa.2022.122007    328 Downloads   2,098 Views  


This article studies the contemporary Soninke societal organization and its flaws. The Soninke families called xabiilo(clans) are stratified hieratically, but profoundly characterized by some social inequalities. According to the societal classification, each xabiila (clan) is in charge of a social function that must be ensured religiously and continuously. Thus it is in a societal dynamic characterized by some social inequalities (difference between people and endogamy) that the xabiilo maintain some reciprocal relationships through the laadani (customs). In spite of being thought to be the backbone of the Soninke societal organization, that stratification is biased by some social inequalities.

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Gadjigo, I. (2022) The Soninke Civilization: The Societal Organization and Its Flaws. Advances in Anthropology, 12, 84-102. doi: 10.4236/aa.2022.122007.

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