American Journal of Plant Sciences

Volume 11, Issue 2 (February 2020)

ISSN Print: 2158-2742   ISSN Online: 2158-2750

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Morphological Variability of Neglected and Underutilized Legumes (NULs) Collection from Côte d’Ivoire

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DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2020.112018    208 Downloads   517 Views  

ABSTRACT

In order to characterize neglected and underutilized legumes seeds (NULs), prospection, collection and characterization were carried out in five administrative regions from Cote d’Ivoire. Two thousand and fifty-four accessions were collected. NULs cultivation is done mainly by women (88.1% compared to 11.9% of men). Productors distinguish 22 morphotypes of NULs based on seeds shapes, colors and patterns. Morphological traits of the collected morphotypes revealed a significant phenotypic polymorphism. Quantitative analyses showed a clear structure of accessions; three main groups were revealed. The first group contains accessions with large and thick seeds, but a low index shape opposite to group II with high index shape. Seeds of group III are characterized by small width and thickness, but a high shape index. Analyses of qualitative traits revealed five groups characterized by heterogeneous or homogeneous coloured integument, inked or elevated edge of hilum, presence or absence of eye.

Cite this paper

Kouonon, L. , Koffi, K. , Adjoumani, K. and Goba, K. (2020) Morphological Variability of Neglected and Underutilized Legumes (NULs) Collection from Côte d’Ivoire. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 11, 226-244. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2020.112018.

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