Open Journal of Soil Science

Volume 9, Issue 11 (November 2019)

ISSN Print: 2162-5360   ISSN Online: 2162-5379

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.23  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

A Review on Plant Responses to Soil Salinity and Amelioration Strategies

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DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2019.911013    734 Downloads   1,266 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Soil salinity is a major abiotic stress, limiting plant growth and development worldwide. Plants grown under saline soil condition experiences a significant amount of high osmotic stress, ion toxicities and nutritional disorder, and these are responsible for poor soil physical condition as well as lead to reduced plant productivity. Plants exhibit a number of responses under salt stress by affecting morphological, physiological and biochemical process. A complete understanding of how plants respond to soil salinity and comprehensive management approaches of combining physiological and biochemical attributes with molecular tools are essential for mitigating the adverse effects of salinity on plant growth and productivity. Recent reports on the plant responses due to soil salinity highlighted the importance of integration of different advanced strategies to address the problem of soil salinity. This review will focus on morphological and physiological changes of plants under saline soil and an overview of suitable strategies to regulate plant adaptation and tolerance to salinity stress.

Cite this paper

Kibria, M. and Hoque, M. (2019) A Review on Plant Responses to Soil Salinity and Amelioration Strategies. Open Journal of Soil Science, 9, 219-231. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2019.911013.

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