American Journal of Analytical Chemistry

Volume 10, Issue 5 (May 2019)

ISSN Print: 2156-8251   ISSN Online: 2156-8278

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Photocatalytic Degradation of Paraquat Herbicide Using a Fixed Bed Reactor Containing TiO2 Nanoparticles Coated onto β-SiC Alveolar Foams

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DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2019.105015    520 Downloads   1,067 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

Photocatalytic degradation of paraquat (PQ) aqueous solutions was studied in a fixed bed photoreactor under UV irradiation at 368 nm. This contained β-SiC alveolar foams coated with TiO2 P25 by dip-coating method. SEM analyses revealed that the surface of the film did not exhibit cracks in the presence of TTIP as a binder in the TiO2 P25 suspension. The following parameters were studied in continuous mode operation: the flow rate in the reactor, the initial concentration of the paraquat, the pH of the solution, the weight of photocatalytic material with the number of foams in the reactor and the weight of the catalyst deposited onto the support. The results showed that by working under optimal operating conditions at natural pH (pH = 6.7), low paraquat (Co = 10 ppm), and flow (26 mL/min), we recorded approximately (43.16 ± 1.00)% oxidation of paraquat and a decrease in total organic carbon (TOC) of (27.13 ± 1.00)% after about 70 minutes. The apparent rate constant is in the order of (0.0656 ± 0.0010) min-1. In addition, by increasing the amount of β-SiC foams coated with TiO2, we improve the degradation of paraquat in the same order. The study of aging of the material showed its stability over time. However, photocatalytic activity was limited after 20 minutes of UV irradiation due to the limitation of the diffusion of the paraquat molecules towards the surface of the photocatalyst. As an outcome, we obtained an efficient TiO2/β-SiC material for photocatalytic degradation of organic compounds in water.

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M’Bra, I. , Atheba, G. , Robert, D. , Drogui, P. and Trokourey, A. (2019) Photocatalytic Degradation of Paraquat Herbicide Using a Fixed Bed Reactor Containing TiO2 Nanoparticles Coated onto β-SiC Alveolar Foams. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 10, 171-184. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2019.105015.

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