Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Volume 9, Issue 4 (April 2019)

ISSN Print: 2160-8792   ISSN Online: 2160-8806

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.58  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Blood Transfusion Practices at the Gynecology-Obstetrics Department of the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital in Lomé: A Study of 254 Cases

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2019.94048    462 Downloads   865 Views  

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe blood transfusion practices in obstetric at the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital in Lomé. Patients and method: Prospective, cross-sectional and descriptive study, conducted from 1 June 2017 to 31 May 2018 at the gynecology-obstetrics department. The study focused on transfused pregnant, parturient and delivered women. Study parameters were sociodemographic, clinical, therapeutic and prognostic. Results: 252 patients, aged 16 to 49 with an average age of 30.4 years, referred in 74% of cases. Hemorrhage was observed in 238 cases (94.4%) and anemia in 14 cases (5.6%). Blood transfusion was urgently used in 89.7% of cases and hemorrhagic abortion was the main indication. Blood group O+ (34.5%) was the most used and blood products were obtained after two hours in 81% of cases. Conclusion: Blood transfusion is often performed urgently and for bleeding. But the Gynecology-Obstetrics department does not have any blood in reserve, whereas the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital collection and distribution station covers less than 10% of the needs.

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Abdoul-Samadou, A. , Baguilane, D. , Akila, B. , Dédé, R. , Kossi-Edem, L. , Kokou, D. , Tchin, D. and Koffi, A. (2019) Blood Transfusion Practices at the Gynecology-Obstetrics Department of the Sylvanus Olympio University Hospital in Lomé: A Study of 254 Cases. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 9, 494-501. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2019.94048.

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