Health

Volume 11, Issue 1 (January 2019)

ISSN Print: 1949-4998   ISSN Online: 1949-5005

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.86  Citations  

Relationship of Lifestyle Habits with Sleep Quality among Japanese in Their 20s

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DOI: 10.4236/health.2019.111001    480 Downloads   778 Views  

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of lifestyle on sleep quality in young Japanese adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted on the web. We analyzed 637 eligible subjects (316 men and 321 women) aged 20 - 29 years. Information on diet and individual lifestyle characteristics, including sleep quality, which was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Japanese version (PSQI-J). Results were obtained by participants completing an online questionnaire. The participants were divided into two groups based on whether they were students (“student group”) or not (“not student group”). The participants with a PSQI-J global score of 6 or higher were evaluated as low-sleep-quality. Logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate associations of lifestyle habits with low-sleep-quality. Logistic regression analyses were applied for “student group” and “not student group”. The results showed that days of eating out at dinner (OR: 1.11, CI: 1.00 - 1.22) and skipping dinner (OR: 1.21, CI: 1.05 - 1.42) were significant and independent predictors for low-sleep-quality among the “not student group”. There were no significant and independent predictors for low-sleep-quality among “student group”. Our results suggested that excessive intake by eating out and deficient intake by skipping dinner might lead to a high PSQI-J score. It is necessary for young people to receive education on the importance of cooking their own meals for traditional and daytime eating. The implication of this study lies in the fact that we have analyzed the effects of lifestyle habits on quality of sleep.

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Yagyu, T. , Akazawa, K. , Ebihara, M. , Ishikawa, J. , Ouchi, K. , Kobayashi, K. and Nakazawa, K. (2019) Relationship of Lifestyle Habits with Sleep Quality among Japanese in Their 20s. Health, 11, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/health.2019.111001.

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