Open Journal of Stomatology

Volume 9, Issue 1 (January 2019)

ISSN Print: 2160-8709   ISSN Online: 2160-8717

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.61  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Self-Medication for Oral Health Problems among Dental Outpatients at a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital

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DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2019.91002    632 Downloads   1,022 Views  Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Self-medication is the inappropriate use of drugs to treat self-diagnosed disorders or symptoms. Even though Self-medication has benefits as it enhances better use of clinical skills and increases access to medication; it is also associated with risks such as adverse drug reactions and antibiotics resistance. Objectives: To determine prevalence of self-medication practices among dental out-patients, triggering factors that influence self-medication practice and common source of drugs. Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at the Clinic of the Department of Preventive Dentistry, Lagos University Teaching Hospital over a period of 6 months using self-administered questionnaires adapted from previous studies. Data obtained was analysed and expressed as frequencies and percentages. Test of associations was done using chi-square (p < 0.05). Results: Age of respondents ranged from 16 to 78 years (32.24 ± 13.47). M:F was 1:1. Prevalence of self-medication was 45.5%; toothache was the most prevalent reason for self-medication (71%). The frequently used drugs for self-medication were analgesics (65%) while the most common source for the drugs was the pharmacy (60%). Educational status (X2 = 12.85, P < 0.05), gender (X2 = 6.42, P < 0.05) and likelihood of recommending drugs to family and friends (X2 = 10.38, P < 0.05) were significantly associated with self-medication. Conclusion: This study revealed high prevalence of self-medication with toothache as the predominant trigger and pharmacy, the most common source.

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Olawuyi, A. , Ibrahim, L. and Uti, O. (2019) Self-Medication for Oral Health Problems among Dental Outpatients at a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital. Open Journal of Stomatology, 9, 9-20. doi: 10.4236/ojst.2019.91002.

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