Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection

Volume 6, Issue 10 (October 2018)

ISSN Print: 2327-4336   ISSN Online: 2327-4344

Google-based Impact Factor: 0.98  Citations  

Investigation of Biobutanol Efficiency of Chlorella sp. Cultivated in Municipal Wastewater

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DOI: 10.4236/gep.2018.610003    500 Downloads   976 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

Many strains of microalgae can grow in wastewaters through their ability to utilize inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus in wastewater. The content of municipal wastewater changes from a location to others. Biofuel production from municipal wastewater has gained huge importance due to progresses in cultivation of microalgae in wastewaters. Biobutanol is produced by the acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation. In this study, we examined the biobutanol production efficiency of Chlorella sp. DEE006 which is cultivated in the municipal wastewater in flat-photobioreactor. Growth of microalgae was monitored at 680 nm using spectrophotometer and the biomass was also pre-treated with acidic hydrolysis (1 M H2SO4). Total carbohydrate and protein contents were measured. Fermented microalgae samples were taken for calculation of biobutanol concentration. We obtained both high biobutanol content (6.23 ± 0.19 g·L1) and high bioethanol yield 0.16 ± 0.005 g (g sugar)1. 50% wastewater had the highest biomass concentration (1930 ± 11 mg/L) among the wastewaters with five various concentrations. It had the highest biomass productivity with 0.28 ± 0.001 g L1d1. Also, it obtained the highest carbohydrate and protein concentration with 0.80 ± 0.02 gL1 and 0.95 ± 0.01 gL1, respectively. According to our results, Chlorella sp. DEE006 can be used for large scale biobutanol production in the future.

Cite this paper

Onay, M. (2018) Investigation of Biobutanol Efficiency of Chlorella sp. Cultivated in Municipal Wastewater. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 6, 40-50. doi: 10.4236/gep.2018.610003.

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