Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology

Volume 8, Issue 4 (October 2018)

ISSN Print: 2161-4881   ISSN Online: 2161-489X

Google-based Impact Factor: 1.23  Citations  h5-index & Ranking

Effect of Li Ions on Al Electrodeposition from Dimethylsulfone

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DOI: 10.4236/jsemat.2018.84010    758 Downloads   1,260 Views  

ABSTRACT

The influence of LiCl coexistence with Al electrodeposition was investigated in a dimethyl sulfone, DMSO2, bath containing AlCl3 at 403 K. The electrochemical behaviors of Li and Al ions were examined using Pt electrodes in the bath and the deposition mechanism was analyzed by cyclic voltammetry, CV, with an Al reference electrode in the bath. The coexistence of LiCl in the AlCl3-DMSO2 bath inhibited the cathodic current corresponding to Al deposition in the CV experiment. The amount of ca. 500 μmol Al deposits was obtained in constant potential electrolysis for 1 h at –2 V in the bath with 10 mol% AlCl3. However, it decreased to 140 μmol Al in the bath with 10 mol% AlCl3 and 5 mol% LiCl. It was clarified that LiCl addition led to the formation of Li(DMSO2)+ more than the formation of  from NMR measurement for the baths. This results in the suppression of Al deposition because LiCl inhibits the formation of complex ions, which is said to be necessary for Al electrodeposition.

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Kim, S. , Kumeno, S. , Kamebuchi, K. , Kuroda, K. and Okido, M. (2018) Effect of Li Ions on Al Electrodeposition from Dimethylsulfone. Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology, 8, 110-125. doi: 10.4236/jsemat.2018.84010.

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